Wow! We are halfway through our 12-week study of the first 11 chapters of Genesis.
I pray you are learning more than you thought possible.
We’ve learned about the creation of the Universe, the earth, animals, and man, the shining glory of God’s creative order. We’ve learned about the first marriage, the first occupation, the first family, the first sin, the first sacrifice and the first murder, but we’ve also learned about God’s mercy and grace, and His plan of Redemption set forth before the foundations of the world. We know that even through punishment of sin, God is merciful. God is Sovereign. He is the LORD God or Yahweh. He is the Beginning as well as the End (Rev. 22:13).
In the beginning God…
Everything we know hinges on those four words. They are truth. And we either except the truth or reject those first four words of Scripture. There is no middle road of truth where God is concerned.
In Genesis Chapter five, we read the genealogy of Adam, the first man. First, we are reminded again that man was created and made in the likeness of God (v.1). Man isn’t God, only a likeness or reflection of Him. Man is NOT an exact copy. God made mankind to consist of male and female (v.2). The current trend is to attempt to remake man into multifaceted genders. That is simply a lie and a figment of man’s futile and sinful godless imagination. God called Adam and Eve, Mankind (v.2).
Noticeably in this genealogy Cain and Abel are not listed. Abel was murdered by his brother, Cain, and Scripture has already accounted Cain’s line as ungodly in Chapter four. In Chapter five the writer is establishing the Godly line of Adam through Seth. We learn Adam was 130 years old when Seth was born. That would mean Eve was 130 years old, as well, since they both were made on the same day of Creation (Day 6) but unknown hours apart. Abel was already deceased by the time Seth was born. Cain was married by the time Seth was born, and in the previous lesson I established Cain was married to his sister.
In verse 4, we learn Adam lived for 800 more years after Seth’s birth and had other sons and daughters. Most likely the sons and daughters were Eve’s offspring, but we can’t conclusively say with any certainty. We do not have additional information on Eve past Genesis 4:25. However, in Genesis 5:5, we learn Adam’s age when he died. He lived to the ripe old age of 930 years. In my research, I stumbled on this tidbit of info: “During this period (meaning pre-flood), the world would be populated quickly. One writer has estimated that if Adam, during his lifetime, saw only half the children he could have fathered grow up, and if only half of those got married, and if only half of those who got married had children, then even at these conservative rates, Adam would have seen more than a million of his own descendants.”1
When Seth is 130 years old, Enosh was born to Seth’s wife (who was probably his sister). Could there have been children before Enosh? Most likely, but we are not given their names because we are strictly following the line of Adam, through Seth, through which the Seed of Redemption (Jesus Christ) was to come. Verse 7, informs us Seth also had other children after Enosh, and lived for an additional 807 years, dying at the age of 912 years.
The pattern continues of age, birth of son, more children born, continued years of life and then death for nearly all the men mentioned in Adam’s genealogy in Chapter 5. I’m going to list the remaining men in Adam’s genealogy, their ages when their sons are born, their son’s name, and the age each man was at his death. (There is an exception of two in the list in Chapter 5.) I’ll also take a closer look at four of the men listed below.
Name Age at birth of son Son Age at death
Enosh 90 Cainan 905
Cainan 70 Mahalaleel 910
Mahalaleel 65 Jared 895
Jared 162 Enoch 962
*Enoch 65 Methuselah did not die
*Methuselah 187 Lamech 969
*Lamech 182 Noah 777
*Noah 500 Shem, not revealed yet
…. … Ham, and …
…. … Japheth …
*Indicates more will be said about these men
Enoch was seventh in the lineage of Adam, and we learn significant information about him in verses 22-24. After Methuselah is born the Scripture tells us, “Enoch walked with God three hundred years, and begot sons and daughters.” In the previous pattern of Adam’s genealogy, we are not given any additional details of the men until this verse. Enoch walked with God, but what does that mean exactly? For Moses (as the writer/possible editor of this genealogy) to go beyond the pattern and take the time to mention not just once, but twice (see v. 24) Enoch’s walk with God tells us much about Enoch. No one before Enoch is given any fact of his definitive faith, other than being accounted for in Adam’s lineage. Enoch was faithful, and possibly blameless before the LORD. In Genesis 17:7, the LORD (Yahweh) is talking with Abram (Abraham) who is 99 years old and the LORD says to Abram: “I am Almighty God; walk before Me and be blameless.” Here Yahweh tells Abram to walk before Him and be blameless. The walking is paired with being blameless.
How would it be to be worshiping God, walking in faith with Him, believing in Him, and His future promise of Redemption’s Seed to save the world, and then suddenly be taken from this world, never experiencing death? (Gives me chill bumps.) To experience that type of closeness with the LORD must be a very humbling and awe-inspiring experience. We only know of one other man who did not experience death, the prophet Elijah. We do not have specific answers to why God took them both, but God is God, and His purposes are perfect.
The next man I want to focus on is Methuselah. He is the longest recorded living man on the face of the earth. He was 187 years old when Lamech was born. In total, he lived 969 years. If you were to draw a bar graph with each of the men in Adam’s genealogy listed with their respective ages, you would find many of them overlapping. In the case of Methuselah, he had to have known the patriarch of the family, Adam**. Think of all the direct information Methuselah learned from his great-great-great-great-great-great grandfather which he likely passed down to his own grandson, Noah.
(**If you start off with Adam’s first year on earth at the number 0 and based off the years of his life on this earth, Adam was around 687 years old when Methuselah was born. Adam died when he was 930 years old. Based off Methuselah being born in 687 B.C., and then add the total number of years of his life, he died in approximately 1656 B.C., prior to the flood.)
If you read the note above, I mentioned the death of Methuselah in 1656 B.C. just prior to the flood of Noah’s era. Why is this significant? Let’s look at Methuselah’s father, Enoch, again. Enoch was a prophet. Jude points to this in his epistle in verses 14. (See Jude 14-15). Jude notes that he is the brother of James. James is a younger brother of Jesus, so Jude is also considered to be a younger brother of Jesus. It wasn’t until after the resurrection of Christ when Jude became a follower of Jesus Christ. In Jude 14 and 15, he gives a quote from the Book of Enoch, which is not a canonical book in Scripture, but since the Scripture, as we know it, is inspired, this one quote is considered inspired. (But NOT the whole Book of Enoch, please note that! There are issues with it, enough to not have it in the Canon of Scripture.)
There has been much speculation about the meaning of Methuselah’s name. Many believe his name was a prophecy of sorts denoting the time of impending destruction. (You can read info on that in the link provided below.) What is significant to know about him? Not just his age, but that he died in the same year as the flood which you can figure out with a little math. Methuselah did not die in the flood, as some have speculated, because he was a righteous man, and only the ungodly died in the flood. He was in Adam’s genealogy, and he had a godly father, Enoch, who never died, and therefore can be deemed as a righteous, godly man. (You can read more on this in the linked article below.) God held off the judgement by water until after Methuselah’s death. God is always gracious, giving everyone ample time to repent before judgement comes.
Lamech, Methuselah’s son, was the father of Noah. Noah was born to Lamech’s wife (unnamed) when Lamech was 182 years old. In verse 29, we learn something significant about Lamech and Noah. Lamech, like his father and grandfather, and great-grands before him, was a godly man. We can know this because of what is written in verse 29: “And he called his name Noah, saying ‘This one will comfort us concerning our work and the toil of our hands, because of the ground which the LORD has cursed.’” Of all the people on the earth at this time, only one line, the lineage of Adam, through Seth, as set forth in Genesis 5, followed God. Noah’s father prophesied by naming his son, Noah, which in Hebrew means peace. Not only would Noah help his father toil the cursed earth (a result or condition of the Fall), but he prophesied to the time when Noah would be chosen as the man who would lead his wife, Shem, Ham, and Japheth, and their wives through a time of great judgement while rescuing animal kinds which the LORD sends to him to board the ark (Genesis 6:8-22 & 7:1-10). We will learn more about Noah and the Genesis Flood, more well known as Noah’s Flood in the next lesson’s overview.
Lamech lived to be 777 years old. He died five years before the flood, which can be figured out by applying math to the information we know from Genesis 5. The genealogy closes with verse 32 which simply states: And Noah was five hundred years old, and Noah begot Shem, Ham, and Japheth. We’ll delve further into Noah and his sons in the upcoming chapters (through chapter 10).
Before closing, I need to add a slight change to the schedule due to a few things that will keep me from writing the next overview on Genesis 6 this upcoming week and into the weekend. This just means I need to delay Week 7 by one week. Some things have come up on my schedule requiring this change. I looked at my schedule trying to think of how I could write AND do what I need to do next week, but I kinda like my sleep. Good news though, this gives you time to get caught up, go back over any of the week lessons you want a closer look at, and plus, it gives you extra time to answer the questions below, learn the memory verse, and read Genesis 6. And I may have to delay another week in the near future since I’m going to be caring a few days for my mother who lives a few states away.
Oh, did you figure out who the was most likely the last great-great… grandson Adam knew? If you guessed Lamech, then you are correct. And just to add another tidbit. Seth died when Noah was 14. Can you just imagine all the knowledge that was passed down generation to generation by men who were born several generations before their great-great…grands? Wow! Right?
Homework assignment: (You can work on this for two weeks if you want.)
Scripture Reading: Genesis 6
Suggested Scripture memorization:
“But Noah found grace in the eyes of the LORD.” Genesis 6:8
1.Who did the Sons of God see?
2.Who do you think are the Sons of God?
3.What did the Sons of God do with the women?
4.What do you think the LORD meant in verse 3?
5.Who were the mighty men? Were they (the mighty men) giants too?
6.What was great upon the earth?
7.What does verse 6 say about the LORD?
8.What does the LORD decide to do?
9.What does verse 8 say about Noah? And verse 9?
10.List the names of Noah’s sons.
11.What does verse 11 tell us about the earth in Noah’s time?
12.What three things does God tell Noah in verse 13?
13.What does God tell Noah to make? (See verse 14) What is it made from? What two other instructions does God tell Noah to do in accordance with building the Ark?
14.In verse 15, Noah is given the size of the Ark. What are its dimensions? What would that be in English Measurements? (Your Bible may have a note on the English measurements.)
15.How many windows did the Ark have? Where was the door located? How many deck levels were on the Ark?
16.In verse 17, God tells Noah about Who was bringing the floodwaters and the why. Write down the Who and the why.
17. What was God going to establish with Noah? Who could go with Noah on the ark? How many humans in all?
18. In verse 19, what does Noah learn about what he was to bring onto the ark? How many of each sort or kind? What were their genders?
19.What was the purpose that God tells Noah for bringing the animals onto the ark? (See verse 19)
20.What were the three groupings of creatures listed in verse 20? What is repeated in this verse that is the same from verse 19?
21.What were Noah’s instructions regarding food for the humans and the creatures?
22.Finally in verse 22, we are told what Noah did. What was it? Was Noah obedient?
For Further Information:
This includes some info on Enoch, and the Book of Enoch, also.
There are also two charts included in the text of the article that I highly recommend.