Week 10 (Overview of Chapter 9)

So glad you’ve decided to join me for another week. We’re getting close to the end of our twelve-week study of Genesis 1-11. I hope you’ve enjoyed it and are getting much out of the study.

We’re done with homeschool this year (finished last Wednesday), and I’m scrambling this week to get the remaining parts of this study finished. I’m going across a few states next week to bring my mom back with me for a brief visit before she joins my little brother and his family further north for the summer. Prayers would be appreciated for safe travel, but also for patience on my part and a great visit with my mom. When she is here, I will be so busy trying to keep her safe and as restful as I can manage, so I won’t be able to write since her care is a constant activity. She has Alzheimer’s, and she has good and bad days. I witnessed some of that when I watched her a few weekends back for my sister. My mom wore me out, both physically and emotionally, when I watched her. It’s heartbreaking to see her changes, especially when she has moments she doesn’t know who I am. My oldest daughter was with me, and my mother often confused her for me. Pray for my family also as this will be an adjustment for them while she is here.

On with the study…

Today, we will review Chapter 9.

Noah and his family, along with the animals they saved, had just disembarked from their year-long refuge on the ark while the earth witnessed the ravages of the Great Flood. Noah was a righteous man and had done everything God had requested of him. The first thing Noah did on dry land was willingly sacrifice to God out of his thankfulness. He took at least one animal or bird from every clean animal and bird kind. There were seven pairs of those animals on the ark, but it was a risky sacrifice because that was it; all other animals had perished in the Flood. God honored Noah’s sacrifice and was well pleased with it.

In the last portion of Chapter 8, God had told Noah He would never destroy every living thing as He had done in the Great Flood (Gen. 8:21). While the earth remained, seasons would be the order by which the earth would exist (Gen. 8:22).

Chapter 9 introduces the Noahic Covenant. Everything from the previous time before the flood was now to be under this new covenant God was to introduce and make with Noah and his sons.

In the opening verse of Chapter 9, God begins with a blessing to Noah and his sons. This was the first portion to the new covenant. They were to be fruitful and multiply, which meant they were to fill the earth with people. This parallels Genesis 1:28. Noah and his family were given the same mandate of procreation as Adam had been given in the beginning. It would be their mission to repopulate the earth.

Verse 2 implies death. The animals would be fearful of their own lives around man. This implies that during the pre-Flood period  animals lived without fear of mankind. In the Creation mandate given to Adam (Gen. 1:28), man was to not only to populate the earth, but subdue and have dominion over it which simply means animals were not to be superior to man. The second provision of this covenant continues the subjection of the animal kingdom to man. God gave the animals and such into Noah and his sons’ hands.

Next, in verse three, the animals, birds, creeping things, and the fish in the sea, would be for food. Every moving thing would provide substance to man. This is the third provision in the new covenant. This also implies man lived as vegetarians before the Flood. God also reaffirms plants (herbs) as food for man. However, God warns Noah and his sons not to eat the blood of the animals they used for food. Blood is the life source in all living, without it, life is not sustainable. (There is a whole lot more to this, but I will not focus on that subject here. Perhaps at a later time.)

In verses 5 and 6, God establishes the sacredness of human life which is the fourth provision of the Noahic Covenant. If any beast or man killed another man, the killer’s life would be required. As image bearers of God, human life is valuable and should be respected. Verse 5 is also the establishment of Human Government. God is its Author. In fact, Romans 13 informs Christians we are subject to the laws of human government, because God gives human government its earthly power to exist.

Verse 7 is the reemphasis of man’s responsibility to populate the earth. It is a reminder life is important and not to be treated lightly. They were not to kill one another but were to produce more life to fill (again) the earth with people.

In verses 8-10, God assures Noah that this covenant is with all of Noah’s descendants (this includes us, today, too), and every living creature on the earth. This is the fifth part of the covenant.

Verse 11 gives us the sixth provision of the covenant. God promises Noah and his sons He (God) will never send a global flood again across the face of the earth. God has not sent another world-world flood since, but we have experienced local floods.  (Sadly, right now, the south and southeast portions of our nation are being hammered with lots of rain creating flooding in many different areas. Please keep them in your prayers.)

The covenant God makes with Noah and his sons is brought to completion in Genesis 9: 12-17. This final provision would be a sign to perpetual generations and not only Noah and his sons. God’s sign in the sky would be a rainbow in the cloud.

I don’t know about you, but when I was a child I would always get excited to see a rainbow in the sky after or during a storm. And a double rainbow? Oh my, that was a treat. The colorful rainbow always made me think of God’s promise to Noah to never flood the earth again. Does the rainbow bring about similar thoughts to you?

In verse 13, God tells Noah He would set the rainbow in the cloud. Verse 14 mentions when God would bring a cloud over the earth the rainbow would be seen in the cloud. This cloud is referring to clouds which bring forth rain. To have rainbows you need water droplets, reflection, refraction, and sunlight. The seven colors of the visible light spectrum are present in a rainbow. You probably learned the ROYGBIV acronym to remember the colors and their sequence. Red. Orange. Yellow. Green. Blue. Indigo, and violet.

God allows the rainbow to be present in the clouds as the result of light playing off the millions of water droplets to produce a multi-color brilliance. God sees the rainbow too, because in verse 16 He tells Noah:”‘The rainbow shall be in the cloud, and I will look on it to remember the everlasting covenant between God and every living creature of all flesh that is on the earth.’” So, as you see the rainbow in the sky, know God sees it, too, and He remembers the covenant He made with Noah and all perpetual generations on the earth.

Verse 18 moves on to Noah’s sons who were included on the ark. Their names are mentioned here: Shem, Ham, and Japheth. However, the verse points out a bit of additional information. It informs us that Ham was the father of Canaan. Why point out Ham’s son’s name? We will see why in upcoming verses and in Chapters 10 and 11.

Verse 19 specifically states Noah’s sons would repopulate the earth. Noah and his wife apparently had no more sons. In Chapter 10, we will learn more about Noah’s sons and grandsons.

In verse 20, we are told Noah’s occupation in the post-Flood earth. Noah was a farmer and planted a vineyard. From the vineyard, he made wine and became drunk in his overindulgence. I found out through a search on the Internet that it takes up to three years to produce grape on new vines.  What we have written in verses 20-24 was not an immediate action of Noah once he was on firm, dry ground. It took a process of time not mentioned in the Scripture to get to this portion of Noah’s story. We only know a few details of Noah’s production of wine. He planted a vineyard. It produced grapes at some point, and Noah made wine from those grapes. Noah drank it. He overindulged and was drunk. In his drunkenness he was lying naked in his tent.

And then enters Ham. Ham was the youngest (see v. 24) and, undoubtedly, was very foolish. Ham saw his daddy naked and told his brothers (v. 22). Ham was not concerned about respecting his father, but instead gloated over his father’s sin. We are given a glimpse into Ham’s heart. He was not an honorable man. Most likely, this was Noah’s first instance of overindulgence in wine. Perhaps, his first HUGE sin in Ham’s eyes. Ham had watched his father live an honorable life and possibly had some resentment in his heart against his father. We don’t know this is this case, however. (Scripture doesn’t tell us this, so I’m making an assumption. Please note that!) For Ham to tell others of his father’s inebriation, he did not have a high regard for his father and for his father’s stance in their family community.

Shem and Japheth had honorable hearts and a great respect for their father. They did not want to look on their father’s disgrace, but instead chose to protect their father by covering his nakedness (v.23). They went into the tent in such a way to keep from looking upon their father in his nakedness.

When Noah awoke from his drunkenness, he knew immediately what his younger son had done. Noah then proceeded to curse Ham’s son, Canaan. Undoubtedly, Noah knew  Canaan had inherited his father’s wickedness, so the curse fell on Canaan, but it also fell on Ham as the father of Canaan. Canaan would be a servant of servants to his brethren.

But as Noah cursed Canaan, he rewarded Shem and Japheth for the honor they gave their father (vv. 26-27). Canaan would serve Shem and Japheth. Shem (Israelites would come from his seed, and Jesus Christ would ultimately come from Shem’s seed) would be blessed of the LORD (Yahweh) and would receive the greater honor. Japheth (through whom Gentiles would come) would be enlarged and dwell in the tents of Shem, meaning through Shem all Gentiles would be blessed throughout the world (this foreshadows the coming of Jesus Christ). Shem and Japheth received the blessing of their birthrights, whereas Ham received a curse.

Finally, the chapter ends with the death of Noah. Noah lived 350 years after the flood and died at 950 years. He was the last to live this lengthy life span of which God blessed him with.

Two more weeks left. Come back next week for a look at the Table of Nations in Genesis 10. (Do you know what son of Noah your lineage comes from? And your lineage could be from more than one son.)

 

Homework assignment for next week:

Scripture Reading: Genesis 10

Suggested Scripture Memorization: (None for this week! Review your past Scripture memory verse!)

Questions:

1.List the sons of Japheth.

2.Verse 3 lists the sons of Gomer. These men were Japheth’s grandsons. What are their names?

3.List Javan’s sons.

4.What does verse 5 say about Japheth’s sons and grandsons? (Location and their racial designation.)

5.List Ham’s sons.

6.Verse 7 lists the sons of Cush. They were Ham’s grandsons. What were their names? What were Raamah’s sons’ names?

7.Verse 8 points out one of Cush’s sons. What was his name? What does verse 8 and 9 say about him?

8.Verse 10 lists the names of town and the name of his kingdom. Please list the town under the heading of the Kingdom: Shinar

9.What towns Nimrod build in the land of Assyria? See verses 11-12.

10.Name the offspring of Mizraim? Do you know what land Mizraim represents? Please list it, if you know.

11.List Canaan’s children. List each of the “ites” in the Canaanite family.

12.What areas/towns were the border of the land of the Canaanites?

13.What is the birth order of the sons of Noah?

14.List the sons of Shem.

15.List Aram’s sons. These are the grandsons of Shem.

16.List Arphaxad’s sons.

17.Who were Eber’s sons? What did Peleg’s name mean?

18.List Joktan’s sons.

19.Where did Shem’s sons and their families live?
____________________________________________________

 

For Further Information:

Rainbows:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rainbow

Why was the lifespan significantly less after the flood?:
https://answersingenesis.org/bible-questions/why-did-people-have-shorter-lives-after-flood/

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Week 9 (Overview of Genesis 8)

Ladies,

Welcome back! Three more weeks and “In the Beginning God” will be complete, then Part Two will start in July. More info on the Part Two of our study of Genesis will be included in the Week 12 post.

I pray you have learned much from the study so far. The Word of God is rich in His Truths.

This week, we will take a closer look at Genesis 8. Noah, his family, and the animals get to finally disembark the Ark to behold a very different world than what they knew previously.

As I mentioned last week, the story of the Great Deluge is a parallel to Salvation. God invites us into His safety from the penalty of sin. He gathers us in. He cares for us by providing for us even during great trial and tribulation. We simply must be obedient to His will. We also are given a beautiful gift of being able to participate by sharing the Gospel with others, but we are also the object of His Salvation through Jesus Christ, God’s only begotten Son. Salvation is a wonderful gift only given to a few, just like the example we see in the account of the Flood. Only a small minority of people and animals were wrapped in the safety of the Ark while the Great Deluge ravaged the world.

Verse one starts out with an amazing truth: God remembered Noah. First, God had not forgotten Noah and the other occupants of the Ark. The Ark as a place of refuge was an act of God’s merciful grace. God remembered Noah, and every living thing, and all the animals that were with him on the ark. What we see here is called an anthropomorphism. Baker’s Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology defines anthropomorphism as the “assignment of human attributes to nonhuman things.” (See note on Anthropomorphism below.) In other words, God remembering Noah is an anthropomorphism of a human characteristic attributed to God. It makes it easier for us to understand and relate to the story. God didn’t forget Noah. God protected and saved Noah from God’s righteous judgement over the evilness that reigned in the hearts and minds of the people during the pre-flood age. God showed mercy in the midst of judgement. Just like God showed mercy to mankind in sending His Son to die on the Cross as THE redemption to a lost and dying world of the past, the present, and the future. You see, at just the right time, when we were still powerless, Christ died for the ungodly. Very rarely will anyone die for a righteous person, though for a good person someone might possibly dare to die.  But God demonstrates his own love for us in this: While we were still sinners, Christ died for us (Romans 5:6-8, NKJV). “The Ark is a striking illustration of Christ, who preserves us from the flood of divine judgement through His grace.”1

God turned His attention to Noah, and as He did that He made a wind blow across the earth to subside the waters (v.1). We can assume the wind had not blown during the cataclysmic upheaval which gushed forth from below the earth’s crust and also while the water canopy was released above the earth. The wind would have been an extra element of disaster at the time and was not needed to bring destruction to earth. As we know, wind can also act as a drying agent. The wind, as it is mentioned in verse one, was used to evaporate the waters.

Verse 2 can almost be seen as conflicting with Genesis 7:12, but it isn’t. In Genesis 7:2, the water literally poured from the sky and water burst up from subterranean sources which most likely opened due to earthquake activity on a large world-wide scale. In Genesis 8:2, it means the subterranean sources from below the earth ceased to be access points for water to release, and no more rain fell from the sky. The water cycle was interrupted to allow the waters to recede. Water cannot dry up if there continues to be a ready supply of it. Verse 3 reiterates the continual reduction of waters as they receded to the places God had prepared for them to stay contained (see Psalm 104: 5-9). The Flood waters decreased at the end of 150 days (five months).

Two months after the waters began to recede, the Ark rested on the mountains of Ararat (v.4). Notice that Scripture does not say it rested on Mt. Ararat. Noah’s Ark landed in the region of the Ararat Mountains, not the actual mountain itself. Some reports over the years have been made that the Ark has been found, but it is doubtful the Ark has or will be found. More likely parts of it were used for building by Noah and his family, or they left it behind exposed to the elements, or glacier movement in the mountainous region destroyed the Ark. We’ll likely never know. (Read the article below on this topic by Answers In Genesis. The writer makes a logical conclusion that the Ark was never on Mt. Ararat, a young stratovolcano.)

The water continued to recede steadily over the next three months. In the tenth month, since the start of the Flood, mountaintops began to appear above the water level (v. 5). Forty days later Noah opened the Ark’s window (v.6) to release a raven (v.7). The raven soared back and forth, but it did not return to the Ark but kept flying. A raven will feed on dead animals, so it had no need to return to the Ark to rest since it could find an ample supply of animal carcasses to feed (and rest) on.

Noah also released a female dove (v.8). Doves feed on seeds on the ground and their feet give them the ability to perch on trees. The dove returned to the Ark when it found no land (v. 9). Noah put out his hand to take her back into the Ark (v.9).

Scripture tells us Noah waited seven days before sending the dove out again (v.10). Verse 11 tells us the dove returned to Noah with an olive leaf in her mouth. Noah had clear evidence the waters had receded, and the land was nearly ready for humanity and the animals again. Noah waited another seven days and sent the dove out again, but the dove did not return (v.12). The dove did not return because she found what she needed to sustain her life.

In the first month of Noah’s 601st year, on the very first day of the year, the Bible tells us, in verse 13, the waters were dried up from all the earth. A peculiar portion of verse 13 mentions a covering Noah removed from the ark. What exactly was the covering? Up until this point in Scripture this word had not been. According to Strong’s Concordance, the word in the original Hebrew is mikseh (מִכְסֶה) which literally means covering. The same word can be found in Exodus and Numbers. (See Exodus 26:14, 35:11, 36:19, 39:34, 40:19 and Numbers 3:25, 4:8,10,11,12,25.) In Exodus and Numbers, it is referring to the covering of the Tent of Meeting (Tabernacle), and was made from animal skins (ram, badger or porpoise) sewn together. We don’t know exactly its use here in verse 13 but based on how it was used in other Scripture references, we can assume it was used in a similar way in Genesis 8:13. Some have suggested it was used as a sort of covering over the window which Noah removed to get a better look at his surroundings. To remove the roof, or a portion of the Ark’s roof, would have been a difficult task, so it is likely it was used over the window to keep the rain out.

Although Noah had been told by God the exact day to enter the Ark, God had not told Noah when to leave it, until verse 16. Based off the information given in verse 14, we know it had been one year and ten days since they had entered the Ark. Imagine staying in an enclosed structure for over a year with stinky animals. Guess they got use to the smell after a while. Right?

In verses 15 – 17, God spoke to Noah again. It was time to go. I can’t help to think that Noah and his family were quite relieved the time had come to leave. They had survived devasting destruction, and the earth was ready to receive them back on dry, vegetated land. There was now sufficient means to sustain them and the animals. In verse 17, God tells the animals, birds, and creeping things to be fruitful and multiply which parallels Genesis 1:22. Verses 18 and 19 tells us they left the ark, according to their families; i.e. their kinds. We don’t exactly know how they exited the Ark, but they did.

What does Noah do first thing? He builds an altar to the LORD. He takes of every clean animal and bird and sacrifices them on the altar. This act of worship was a risky sacrifice, but it was one God would honor. The smell of the sacrificed animals upon the altar pleased God. This is also another example of an anthropomorphism. The sacrifices of Noah were a soothing or sweet-smelling aroma to God. A sweet-smelling aroma is also used in Ephesians 5:2 which states: “And walk in love, as Christ also has loved us and given Himself for us, an offering and a sacrifice to God for a sweet-smelling aroma.” The sacrifice of Christ on the Cross was a sweet-smelling aroma to God because it satisfied our own sin-debt we owed to God. It was an act of worship by Christ in our place. What a beautiful parallel with Noah’s sacrifice. Noah’s sacrifice brought forth a response from God built around a beautiful promise intertwined with mercy. God covenanted with Himself, on our behalf, through the sacrificial death of His willing Son. God was/is merciful to us, sinners.

God established a new covenant with Noah in verses 21 and 22. God did not forget Noah as verse 1 of this chapter pointed out. God remembered, and He remembers each of us who love Him through His Son, Jesus Christ. I like how the study notes of Chapter 8 in the Explorer’s Bible Study, In the Beginning: Genesis states this about the Noah’s sacrifice: “God, who always delights in mercy and welcomes the least sign of love and gratitude in us, accepted this offering and responded by giving Noah a promise.”2  God promised to never curse the ground again, nor destroy every living thing again even though the heart of man is inclined toward evil (v.21).

In verse 22, God points out in His covenant promise with Noah that the earth would now have seasons: winter, spring (seedtime), summer and fall (harvest). The post-Flood world would be a different world than the pre-Flood world. This would be a new start for mankind and the animal kinds of the earth, and the earth would never be destroyed again as the LORD had done through the Great Flood.

The words of verse 22 are beautiful to me:

While the earth remains,
Seedtime and harvest,
And cold and heat’
And winter and summer,
And day and night
Shall not cease.

Out of chaos would come seasonal order, responsibility, character building, and a new opportunity for being grounded upon the truths of God. The earth would remain through all its seasonal order, and by the sowing of seed, working the land, and with the subsequent harvest, man would be able to provide for themselves because God would make sure they would have all they needed to make it so.

What a beautiful picture or redemption we have in the account of Noah and the Great Flood. I’m grateful for God’s grace He generously poured out on Noah and his family, and all the ark inhabitants. The Great Flood happened. I believe, because I believe God and His Word.

Next week, we’ll look take a deeper look into the Noahic Covenant in Chapter 9. Please join me mid-week. I’m excited to share with you. Blessings!

Have a blessed Memorial Day as we remember those who gave all so that we could have freedom in our great nation.

(Oh, before I go, I want to add a retrospective question for this week: How has God shone you His grace in an unexpected way? It could be something that happened this week or anything that comes to your mind from a time in your past. Worship Him in truth as you remember His grace-filled mercy.)

 

Homework assignment for next week:

Scripture reading: Genesis 9

Suggested Scripture Memorization:

11Thus I establish My covenant with you: Never again shall all flesh be cut off by the waters of the flood; never again shall there be a flood to destroy the earth.”

12And God said: “This is the sign of the covenant which I make between Me and you, and every living creature that is with you, for perpetual generations: 13 I set My rainbow in the cloud, and it shall be for the sign of the covenant between Me and the earth.   Genesis 9:11-12, NKJV

Questions:

1.What is God’s first command to Noah and his sons in this chapter?

2.What does verse 2 mean? What does it reaffirm from Creation?

3.What does God tell them they can eat? What was one prohibition given in verse 4?

4.Verses 5-7 speak of Human Government. Was this something new? Where have we already seen a sense of Human Government? (It’s okay if you’re not sure of this answer. I’ll explain it in the Overview for Chapter 9.)

5.Who is the author of Human Government?

6.Verses 8-10 refer to the covenant God is making with Noah and his sons. Who or what else is God making a covenant with?

7.What is God committing to never do again in verse 11?

8. What is the sign of the covenant?

9.When would God show this sign?

10.With the sign’s appearance what does God say it will remind Him of?

11.Verse 18 repeats info we already know. What is it? What is something new this verse reveals to us?

12.By whom did God use to repopulate the earth?

13.What was Noah’s new career? What did he plant?
14.After his vineyard produced grapes, what did Noah make from it? What happened to Noah as a result of overindulgence?

15.Who saw Noah naked? Who did he tell?

16.What did Shem and Japheth do? Were they honorable in their actions? What does this tell us about their character?

17.Was Ham honorable in his actions? Why or Why not?

18.What does verse 24 tell us?

19.Verse 18 tells us Ham was the father of Canaan. What does verse 25 tell us about Canaan?

20.What does verse 26 tell us about Shem?

21.What does verse 27 tell us about Japheth?

22.What is consistent about verses 25-27?

23.Noah lived how much longer after the Flood? How old was he when he died?

 

____________________________________________

Notes Cited:

1The New Open Bible: Study Edition. “Noah’s Ark” article. (Nashville: Thomas Nelson Publishers, 1990), p.13.

2In the Beginning: Genesis. Explorer’s Bible Study Quest Series. (Dickson, TN: Explorer’s Bible Study, 2009), p. 58.

 

For Further Information:

Anthropomorphism:
https://www.biblestudytools.com/dictionary/anthropomorphism/
Noah’s Ark on Mt. Ararat?:
https://answersingenesis.org/noahs-ark/noahs-ark-found/noahs-ark-mount-ararat/

The covering of the Ark:
http://biblehub.com/hebrew/4372.htm
http://biblehub.com/commentaries/genesis/8-13.htm

Although, I did not broach this subject in the overview, I thought I’d include a few links on the subject of Dinosaurs and the Great Flood. Have fun exploring! (You can also find videos and books about dinosaurs that are from a biblical creationist point of view.)

https://answersingenesis.org/dinosaurs/
https://answersingenesis.org/dinosaurs/were-dinosaurs-on-noahs-ark/
https://answersingenesis.org/dinosaurs/dinosaurs-and-the-bible/

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Week 8 (Overview of Genesis 7)

Welcome back! I’m so glad you are continuing with me in this study of Genesis Chapters 1-11.

This week we are going to look at Noah and his family entering the ark with a menagerie of animals, birds and creeping things.

In verse one, the LORD (Yahweh) invites Noah to come into the Ark with his household. The LORD reiterates why Noah and his family are blessed with salvation from the impending flood: the LORD has seen that Noah is a righteous man before Him in the ungodly generation, or society, in which Noah and his family live. Noah has remained faithful to God while living in an earth filled with unrighteous people. God was rewarding Noah for his faithfulness. Noah, his family and the animals were experiencing grace while those who were not allowed onto the Ark were experiencing God’s judgement due to grievous sin as recorded earlier in Chapter 6.

Doctrine taught in the account of Noah and the Flood: Salvation

Verses 2-3 Noah is given instruction on the number of pairs of both clean and unclean land animals he was to take on board the Ark. These animals Noah was saving with his family were purposed to repopulate the earth at God’s appointed time. Of the clean animals, Noah was to include seven pairs, each pair included a male and female. Both a male and a female were needed to continue the animal kinds. The unclean animals would be numbered with two pairs per kind which also included a male and his female. The birds of the air were not left out in the saved animals aboard the Ark. Noah was instructed to bring seven pairs of each bird kind, male and female, on board the Ark. In verse 3, it is notated that this preservation of pairs would include a male and a female, because it was necessary to KEEP the species ALIVEon the face of all the earth.”

God informs Noah in verse 4 of the nearness of the impending flood. The Flood would begin in seven days. The rain would fall for more than a day. Forty days and 40 nights rain would fall world-wide, not in isolated pockets. This brings up a question. Did it rain before the Flood? We simply do not have a definitive answer for that. We weren’t there, and the Bible doesn’t necessarily give us a “yes” or a “no” to that answer.

But here is what we do know:

This is the history of the heavens and the earth when they were created, in the day that the Lord God made the earth and the heavens, before any plant of the field was in the earth and before any herb of the field had grown. For the Lord God had not caused it to rain on the earth, and there was no man to till the ground; but a mist went up from the earth and watered the whole face of the ground.” Genesis 2:5-6, NKJV

This grouping of Scripture verses simply tells us that rain had not fallen on the earth prior to Adam’s Creation on Day 6. Up to that point, because Scripture says so, the earth had been without rain. What it doesn’t tell us is whether or not rain had fallen after Adam’s Creation through the time leading up to the Great Deluge. Rain is not recorded as falling on all the earth until Genesis 7:4. But what we do know is mist went up from the ground and provided water for the Garden’s vegetation. Did a mist water the earth beyond the Garden, too? We can only assume so, but we cannot say with any certainty that it did or did not rain before the Flood. (Look in the “For Further Information” section below for links on this topic.)

The mention of rain did not seem to alarm Noah, because verse 5 tells us he “…did according to all the LORD commanded him.” So, it is possible rain was not a strange anomaly to him.

Noah is 600 years old at the time of his and his family’s boarding of the Ark (see verses 6 and 7). In verses 8-9, the remaining “passenger” pairs went on board the Ark. We are told both clean and unclean animals, birds, and the creeping things on the ground entered the ark in pairs; a male and a female of each kind, just as God had commanded Noah. Noah did not have to round up these animals, birds, and creeping things; he simply allowed them on board. God did the gathering; Noah was there to receive them.

Once Noah had everyone and every God-sent creature on board, the rains began (v. 10). The promised flood waters in the form of rain began to fall within the seven-day period God had promised to Noah. God kept His Word.  

In verse 11, we are given specific detail as to the day and month the flood waters began to pour down and burst upward from below to cover the earth. In Noah’s 600th year, in the second month of their calendar (possibly an ancient calendar based on 360 days) on the seventeenth day “…all the fountains of the great deep were broken up, and the windows of heaven were opened.” Don’t you just love that imagery? Can you see it? Waters bursting forth from the underground water sources, with no seemingly cessation in sight, and the windows of heaven open with gushes of rain pouring down pounding the landscape, the people, and the animals left behind. This event level had never been seen before on the earth. It was cataclysmic!

Verses 12- 16 are virtual duplicates of verses 4-10 with some detailing here and there. This is what we know: the rain fell for 40 days and 40 night, and Noah and his family (his wife, three sons, and his sons’ wives), all the animals, birds, and creeping creatures entered the Ark on the same day (v.13-16). In verse 16, we learn something new that had not been mentioned in the earlier verses of Chapter 7: “…the LORD shut him in.” God sealed them in. Noah was obedient to God, and God took care of Noah, and because of Noah’s righteousness, God protected Noah’s family, as well, from the outside elements which most likely would have seeped in and sunk the Ark. Noah trusted God to seal them inside safely from the storm. The Ark was a place of refuge.

Retrospective: How has God sealed you in as He has given His watch care over you?

In verse 17, it is reiterated how long the flood waters poured forth onto the earth; forty days’ worth of deluge impacted the earth. The water rose high above the earth and lifted the ark accordingly. Verse 18 continues to give us more detail about the flood waters. Scripture tells us that the waters prevailed, or were widespread, and “greatly increased on the earth,” moving the Ark along in its turbulent currents. The water increased to cover the whole earth including the hills and mountains. (See vv. 19, 20). The water depth, according to Scripture, was 15 cubits above the highest mountain, which is equivalent to approximately 20 feet above the highest mountain of that time. (We don’t know the highest elevation of the earth pre-flood.)

The Flood was not a local flood but a world-wide event which completely restructured the earth. Think about it. If water burst forth from the great deep (v.11), meaning below ground, that is an indicator of massive earthquakes. Earthquakes can restructure the landscape in which they occur. Plate tectonics shifted the entire land surface to what we see today due to the Flood’s turbulent effect on the earth. There is evidence all over the world of a catastrophic world-wide flood. (See: “For Further Information” for links on evidence of a world-wide flood). Just a note to add: the pre-flood geography was significantly different than post-flood geography. I don’t understand all the mechanics and such, but the world we have now was not like the pre-flood world, but those details are not specifically laid out in Scripture for us.

Verses 21-23 indicates all life on the earth died in the flood. The only ones who did not die were on the Ark. Only eight humans remained, and representations of every animal kind, bird kind, and creeping thing were saved to repopulate the earth. All the animals, bird, and creeping things we see today are the offspring of the animal, bird, reptile, and insect kinds on the Ark. All humans on the earth today are the offspring of Noah’s sons.

Verse 24 ends with a fact about the length of days water remained covering the whole earth. The flood waters prevalence lasted for 150 days or five months. That is a significant amount of water which did finally recede (Genesis 8). (To read about what happened to the water—it had to go somewhere—click on the link below which is with the question: Where did the waters go?. Also read Psalm 104. This Scripture gives us a good answer on this, also.)

As we end the overview of Chapter 7, let’s look back for a moment at a few things Scripture points to in this passage. The Doctrine of Salvation is written all over the account of the Great Flood. Noah was invited to board the Ark. God did not force Noah to board the Ark to be saved from the impending flood. Noah acted in obedience through faith that God was who He said He was. To be saved from the flood waters, Noah needed to prepare an Ark for himself, his family, and the animals. He built it believing God would send the flood waters. He believed God would save him, and those placed in Noah’s watch care. Noah also did not have to corral the animals and bring them to the Ark. God did that enormous task of gathering. Noah simply had to receive them into the safe shelter he had worked diligently to build at the LORD’s command. Noah acted as His messenger and His shepherd.

Noah’s Ark and the Great Flood are parallels to salvation.

God invites. He gathers. He encourages us to provide the shelter and the watch care. All we must do is be obedient to God’s Will to do what He asks us to do in faith. We get to participate in it, as well as, be the object of God’s Salvation through Jesus Christ, His Son.

Please make sure you come back next week for Week 9. There are only a few weeks left for Part One which covers Genesis 1-11. If you are following the videos on my Facebook page, you may have noticed I decided not to do a video for Week 7. After thinking about it, I thought it best to combine Week 7 and Week 8 into one video. I’m hoping to tape it tomorrow and have it edited for release sometime Sunday afternoon. Thank you so much for your patience in this. I’m also hoping to create a page on this blog with links to the FB videos, which I’ll setup sometime in late June/early July.

 

Homework assignment for next week:

Scripture reading: Genesis 8

Suggested Scripture Memorization:

Then God remembered Noah, and every living thing, and all the animals that were with him in the ark. And God made a wind to pass over the earth, and the waters subsided. Genesis 8:1, NKJV

Questions:

1.What did God cause to pass over the earth which aided in the waters subsiding?

2.In Genesis 7:24 Scripture says that the waters prevailed over all the earth 150 days. What does Gen. 8:3 say about those same waters?

3.On what month and day, and on what location did the Ark finally come to rest? What present day country is this?

4.Did they depart from the Ark immediately after it came to a stop on the mountains of Ararat?

5.What was finally seen in the tenth month after the rains had stopped?

6.What did Noah do forty days out from that tenth month?

7.What did he release from the window? What does verse 7 say about it?

8.What else was sent out? And why?

9.Do a little research. What could have been the significance of sending out two different bird types?

10.What happened to the second bird? Is anything else said about the first bird?

11.What happened after Noah waited another seven days?

12.What did the dove bring back to Noah? What did this tell him?

13.Another seven days passed. What did Noah do with the dove?

14.What does verse 12 tell us about the dove?

15.What did Noah do in verse 13? Why did he have to check it out for himself?

16.What does verse 14 tell us about the surface of the earth?

17.Who told Noah it was time to leave the Ark?

18.What familiar phrasing did you read in verse 17 that God also told Adam?

19.What did the residents of the Ark do?

20.Noah took time to do something significant after he exited the Ark. What did he do? Why did he do this?

21. How did God react to Noah’s act of worship? What was God’s promise with Himself?

______________________________________________________

­­­­For further Information:

Did it rain before the Flood?: https://answersingenesis.org/bible-questions/did-it-rain-before-the-flood/https://answersingenesis.org/bible-questions/did-it-rain-before-the-flood/
https://www.gotquestions.org/rained-before-flood.html
https://www.blueletterbible.org/faq/don_stewart/don_stewart_738.cfm

Did the Flood cover the whole earth?:
https://answersingenesis.org/the-flood/global/did-noahs-flood-cover-the-whole-earth/
https://christiananswers.net/q-eden/edn-c005.html  (There are also other links at the bottom of the linked article that will answer many of your other questions, so, go explore there. The questions you may have about the flood I can simply not answer completely here in the above post. Do you realize how long of a post that would be? Besides, I don’t have all the answers. I just trust God that He did what He said He did. Hint: Plate tectonics, and massive movement of the land can explain how it is possible for the water to cover the highest mountain of the time of the Flood with 20 feet of water.)

Where did the waters go?:
https://christiananswers.net/q-aig/aig-floodwater.html

(Many have claimed the Great Flood never occurred, or at best, it was just a localized flood. However, there is evidence all over the world that the flood did occur. Mt. Everest, which is the earth’s tallest mountain, contains fossilized shells at its summit. Fossilized dinosaurs all over the world are a testament to the flood. There is too much evidence in recent fossilized dinosaur discoveries (DNA) that indicates these fossils are not millions of years old, but merely thousands of years old.)

Fossilized Dinosaurs with soft-tissue DNA:
https://answersingenesis.org/fossils/dinosaur-tissue/ 

Fossil graveyards:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mrT-VNh31G0
https://answersingenesis.org/media/audio/answers-with-ken-ham/volume-125/massive-fossil-graveyards/

Sedimentary rock across the world is evidence of a world-wide flood:
https://answersingenesis.org/geology/rock-layers/transcontinental-rock-layers/

Got Questions has quite a bit of info on Noah’s Flood: https://www.gotquestions.org/search.php?zoom_query=Noah%27s%20Flood
(These are just suggested links. There are other sources of information available as well that are not mentioned above. I’ll work on providing a non-exhaustive Bibliography also in the coming weeks.)

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Week 7 (Overview of Genesis 6)

Welcome back! Did you enjoy your week off?

Today’s study starts with a difficult passage in Scripture: Genesis 6:1-4.

Now it came to pass, when men began to multiply on the face of the earth, and daughters were born to them, that the sons of God saw the daughters of men, that they were beautiful; and they took wives for themselves of all whom they chose.

And the Lord said, “My Spirit shall not strive with man forever, for he is indeed flesh; yet his days shall be one hundred and twenty years.”  There were giants on the earth in those days, and also afterward, when the sons of God came in to the daughters of men and they bore children to them. Those were the mighty men who were of old, men of renown. (NKJV)

There are few different views regarding these four verses of Scripture. In verse 1, we are given the fact of the earth’s population growth. It specifically mentions the “daughters of men.” These daughters of men are what it says, they are the daughters of men. Verse one is laying a foundation for verse 2 which mentions for the first time in Scripture the “sons of God.” Who are the sons of God? One view is that it is referring to the godly line of Seth, whereas the daughters of men refers to the daughters from the line of Cain. Reading through from Genesis 4 to Genesis 6, in context, it is understandable why this view is a logical conclusion.

(Full disclosure: I just do not know with any certainty which is correct. I lean toward the first view, but it does have some issues. The second view also has its problems. Fact is, this is a difficult passage, but the bottom line is, vile wickedness entered the world pre-flood. God had to do something to preserve the godly line through Seth and destroy the wickedness which entered the world during this era of the world’s history. Psst…You may believe the sons of God are fallen angels. That’s okay.)

Another view tends to believe the sons of God are fallen angels (i.e. demons). In Ruth Beechick’s book, Genesis: Finding Our Roots, she writes “…sons of God refers to those directly created by God. The very first sons were angels who shouted for joy when God laid the foundations of the earth (Job 38:7).”1 It is generally accepted that at some point between Genesis 1 and 3, a third of the angels fell (Revelation 12:4) with Lucifer, most likely the angel of worship (Ezekiel 28:13 seems to point to this). Lucifer/Satan comes to earth, uses the serpent of Genesis 3 to deceive Eve to believe man could be like God. The Fallen Angels view uses this rationale: having failed to destroy God’s plan for Redemption by Cain murdering his brother, Abel, Satan tries once again in Genesis 6:1-4 to thwart God’s plan of Redeeming man through the Seed (Jesus Christ). Satan interjects corruption into humanity by contaminating humanity with demonic seed. (Honestly, I don’t understand this part of this view since Scripture says angels neither marry nor are given in marriage. [See Matthew 22:30.] Because of this I have difficulty with this view although there are a few valid arguments. [Look at the link below for further info on this.] I love John MacArthur, and this is the view he holds to, but I do not agree with him on this.) This view contends that the demonic angels saw the daughters of men as beautiful and took them for wives, and their offspring were giants who were vile mighty men or Nephilim (giants).

Now to go back to the first view:

This view believes the “sons of God” were of the godly line of Seth and the “daughters of men” were the daughters of Cain.

If you read in context from the beginning of Genesis 1 to Genesis 6, we can establish that Genesis 4 sets the case for the line of Cain to be ungodly, then in verses 25-26 we read of another son, Seth, born to Adam and Eve. Seth was to be the line in which the Seed would come to redeem the earth, as a replacement for Abel. Verse 26 states that not until Enosh’s birth (Enosh was Seth’s son), did man begin to call on the name of God. We don’t have specifics on the population at this time, but what is clear is, the people did not call on God until after Enosh’s birth. We can assume, however, the first parents, Adam and Eve, taught their offspring to follow God through example and word. Chapter five establishes the genealogy of Adam through Seth all the way to Noah; this is the godly line upon which salvation would be brought to earth so that mankind could be redeemed through Christ. In Genesis 6: 1-4, the ungodly multiplied by intermarriage between those who were of Seth’s seed, and those who were from the ungodly line of Cain. Those who are corrupt most often ALWAYS corrupt those which are good.

Let’s pick up at verse 3.

The LORD sees all the corruption of the human race, and He decides that His Spirit cannot abide with such wickedness. The LORD, at this point, gives the human race only 120 more years to carry on as they are carrying on in corruption, but it is also His mercy not to immediately judge them for their corruption. His delay was also an opportunity for repentance. God was longsuffering (1 Peter 3:20) to them even as He prepared to save eight individuals by having Noah build an ark.

Verse 4 notates that giants are in the land in these antediluvian days of wickedness, and children (also called mighty men) were born to the daughters of men and the sons of God. These mighty men were warriors, those who willfully fought others and made a name for themselves in the land. They were most likely men who ravaged others and were filled with corruption and rebellion. They had a reputation of corruption. (See verse 11.)

In verse 5 the LORD saw the wickedness rampant on the earth and knew evil continually ruled the heart of man. It was so horrendous that verse six tells us the LORD was sorry He had made man. We aren’t given the details of what man was guilty of at this time, but it was so profusely vile it caused the LORD grief in His heart. God’s highest creation was ruled by wicked hearts; sin was king.

With all that man was guilty of, verse 7 tells us the LORD had only destructive judgement as a recourse. It wasn’t only judgment against man, but against creation, itself. The LORD said these words: “I will destroy man whom I have created from the face of the earth, both man and beast, creeping thing and birds of the air, for I am sorry that I have made them.” Man’s sin was so great all of Creation would suffer the consequences. Those last eight words describe God’s grief over what He saw from Heaven: I am sorry that I have made them. What powerful and laden with sadness those words are.

But what a turn around we have in verse eight. But Noah found grace in the eyes of the Lord. Wow, those words. Hope was still alive. Redemption was still possible. Verse 9 reminds us that Noah is of the line of Seth. One man in all the earth was found to be righteous. Verse 9 gives us inside information on the character of Noah. He was a just man, a man of perfection in his generations, meaning he was of the godly seed of Adam through Seth. Seth’s line was the line in which the Seed of Redemption would come. Noah being found righteous was something to celebrate, because he was in a world of complete wretchedness. It is worthy to note also that Methuselah died just prior to the flood. (This can be figured out by following the genealogical timeline.) This verse also points out that Noah followed the example of his grandfather, Enoch, who we know walked with God (Genesis 5:22). Verse 11 is a repeat of information we were given in Genesis 5:32. Noah begot three sons: Shem, Ham, and Japeth. The order they are listed is not an indication of birth order, nor does it mean they were triplets.

Verses 11-12 are a repeat of what the earlier verses in Genesis 6 had already established. The world was a corrupt place, filled with violence, and all flesh had corrupted their way on the earth (v.12). In verse 13 God tells Noah it is time for the earth to be destroyed because of the corruption of all flesh.

In verses 14-22, God gives Noah instruction on building the ark and filling it with animals after their kinds. Noah was to build the ark of gopher wood (v.14). The ark was to have rooms or compartments in the interior, and both the interior and the exterior were to be waterproofed with pitch (v.14). It was to be 300 cubits long, 50 cubits wide, and 30 cubits tall (v.15). This is equivalent to a length of about 450 feet, a width of 75 feet, and 45 feet tall, based off a typical cubit of 18 inches. (A cubit is somewhere between 17 and 22 inches and would be different based on whose forearm was being used as the length measure. The biblical cubit measured from a man’s elbow to the tip of the middle finger.) To compare the size of the ark with a structure we are familiar with today, it would be about 1 ½ football fields long. The ark had a one window that was finished to a cubit from above (v. 16). There has been much speculation of what this exactly means. We don’t know how large the window was just that there was a window with the finished specifics of a cubit from above. (See the link below for more info of the design of the ark.) The door to the ark was set in the side of the ark (v. 16). There were also three decks or levels to the ark (v.16).

In verse 17, the LORD declares He is bringing the flood waters to the earth, and He will destroy all flesh in which is the breath of life; everything on earth will die. In verse 18, the LORD reveals to Noah that He will establish a covenant with Noah. The covenant includes Noah’s three sons, Noah’s wife and the wives of Noah’s sons. The LORD further describes to Noah in verse 19 of His plan to preserve the animal kinds on the earth. Noah is entreated to bring on the ark two of every kind of flesh to keep them alive. The two of each animal kind is to consist of a male and female.

Verse 20 list the three types of animals God asks Noah to take aboard the ark to keep them alive. God would send two of every animal kind, bird kind, and creeping thing on the earth (v.20). Supernaturally, God would do the gathering for Noah. Noah’s job was to provide a place for them to stay to keep them alive during the coming deluge. However, Noah is given the task of gathering enough food for his family, and all the animals, birds, and creeping things which were to be saved. In the last verse the reader is told of Noah’s obedience in all God commanded him to do.

From the outside, all the things Noah was asked to do seem to be daunting tasks, but 1 John 5:3 tells us God’s commandments are not burdensome. Noah understood this. No where in Genesis 6 do we read of Noah questioning or complaining to God about the enormous task ahead of him. Noah just did it. He is listed in the “Bible Hall of Fame” (Hebrews 11:7) for his faith to do as he was commanded by God to do. Think about this: Noah built the ark, most likely inland from the ocean, but rain had never fallen on the earth up to this point in time. Genesis 2:6 tells us “…a mist went up from the earth and watered the whole face of the ground.” The antediluvian earth was very different than what we have today. (I’ll share a little about this in a future post, most likely when we reach Genesis 8.)

As Noah worked diligently to build the ark with his sons, we can assume the people in Noah’s community mocked him as he built this enormous structure unlike anything they had ever seen before. The people were exceedingly wicked during this period, and we know this because Scripture says it is so. Scripture is truth, and it is the Word of God. Yet, with all the ridicule, the debased words lauded at Noah daily, he kept building, knowing he could trust God. Remember, Scripture tells us Noah walked with God (v. 9). Noah believed and trusted God to tell him the truth about the impending doom, and how Noah and his family, and the animals, could be saved to start anew.

Next week, you will be able to have another break. When I originally planned to do this study, I really thought I could do a 12-week study consistently week-to-week, but I had not considered that plans change sometimes. I’m needed in Georgia this weekend to assist in the care of my mom who has Alzheimer’s, so that my sister has time to celebrate with her family the doctorate in Physical Therapy of her oldest child. Realistically, I cannot do both the watch care of my mom and writing the study for Week 8, plus I’m also working/volunteering on Tuesday (May 8th) for the State Board of Elections as a party judge at a local precinct in my county. I will post a video on FB next week sometime after Wednesday to correspond to Week 7’s study. After the break next week, we should be back to a week-to-week schedule the following week.

Hang in there, we are almost at the end of Part 1 of our study of the book of Genesis.

AND I’m so glad you are here with me as we study the truths found in God’s Word.

Homework Assignment for the Week:

Scripture Reading: Chapter 7

Suggested Scripture memorization:

Then the LORD said to Noah, “Come into the ark, you and all your household, because I have seen that you are righteous before Me in this generation.” Genesis 7:1, NKJV

Questions:

1.What does the LORD tell Noah in verse 1?

2.How many clean animals was Noah to have on the ark? Unclean?

3.Do a little digging and see if you can determine the significance of the clean and unclean animals. Hint: See Leviticus chapters 10 and 11

4.How many bird pairs were on the ark? What is the reason given for having that many pairs?

5.In verse 4, the LORD give Noah a deadline, what is it?

6.How many days and nights would rain fall on the earth?

7.Did Noah obey?

8.How old was Noah when the flood of waters began?

9.List the other people who went on the ark with Noah.

10.In verse 8 and 9 we read a listing of the animals, etc. of creation that were to be on the ark with Noah and his family. Write down the list. How were they to enter the ark? Who made them go onto the ark?

11.Back in verse 4 Noah is given a deadline. Did God stick to His deadline?

12.In verse 11 we read that another water source contributed to the waters that flooded the earth. What were the additional waters?

13.We are also told the month and the day the flood waters began. Write down both specifics.

14.Back in verse 4 we are also told how long it would rain on the earth. Does verse 12 comply with verse 4?

15.What does verse 13 tell us about the day that Noah, Noah’s sons, and their wives enter the ark?

16.Verses 14 and 15, like verses 11-14, reemphasizes the information from earlier in the chapter. What could be the reasoning behind this repetition of information in verses 1-10? This repetition, does it help you to remember these details?

17.Who closed the door? Remember the pitch we read about that covered both the inside and the exterior of the ark? How might the door had been sealed from the outside to keep the water from seeping inside? (We’ll look at what it means: …and the LORD shut him in.)

18.What does verse 17 tell us about the flood, the ark, and the water level?

19.Verses 18 and 19 speak of the waters prevailing on the earth, list some of the effects that much water could have had on the earth. (We’ll look at how the flood waters significantly changed the earth’s surface. I’ll provide some info for further study, too.)

20.How many cubits upwards did the waters prevail? What was covered?

21.Verse 21 is a sad verse. List the details of this verse.

22.Verse 22 basically rewords verse 21. What does verse 22 say?

23.Verse 23 gives us a synopsis of verse 21 and 22, but also adds additional information about Noah, his family, and the animal life on board the ark not found in verses 21 and 22. What does it tells us about the inhabitants on board the ark?

24.How long did the waters prevail on the earth?

25.Think a little deeper: Were dinosaurs on the ark?

26.Does the New Testament agree and affirm Noah’s existence and actual occurrence of the Flood? Give one example.

______________________________________________

For Further Information:

Sons of God being fallen angels: https://www.blueletterbible.org/Comm/guzik_david/StudyGuide_Gen/Gen_6.cfm

Sons of God being the line of Seth:
https://www.biblestudytools.com/commentaries/matthew-henry-complete/genesis/6.html

Gopher wood:
https://www.gotquestions.org/gopher-wood.html

Answers in Genesis used a cubit length of 20.4 inches:
https://answersingenesis.org/noahs-ark/putting-the-ark-into-perspective/

Ark design:
https://answersingenesis.org/noahs-ark/what-did-noahs-ark-look-like/

 

Works Cited:

Beechick, Ruth. Genesis: Finding Our Roots. Arrow Press: Pollock Pines, CA, 1997, p. 47.

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Week 6 (Overview look at Genesis 5)

Wow! We are halfway through our 12-week study of the first 11 chapters of Genesis.

I pray you are learning more than you thought possible.

So far…

We’ve learned about the creation of the Universe, the earth, animals, and man, the shining glory of God’s creative order. We’ve learned about the first marriage, the first occupation, the first family, the first sin, the first sacrifice and the first murder, but we’ve also learned about God’s mercy and grace, and His plan of Redemption set forth before the foundations of the world. We know that even through punishment of sin, God is merciful. God is Sovereign. He is the LORD God or Yahweh. He is the Beginning as well as the End (Rev. 22:13).

In the beginning God…

Everything we know hinges on those four words. They are truth. And we either except the truth or reject those first four words of Scripture. There is no middle road of truth where God is concerned.

In Genesis Chapter five, we read the genealogy of Adam, the first man. First, we are reminded again that man was created and made in the likeness of God (v.1). Man isn’t God, only a likeness or reflection of Him. Man is NOT an exact copy. God made mankind to consist of male and female (v.2). The current trend is to attempt to remake man into multifaceted genders. That is simply a lie and a figment of man’s futile and sinful godless imagination. God called Adam and Eve, Mankind (v.2).

Noticeably in this genealogy Cain and Abel are not listed. Abel was murdered by his brother, Cain, and Scripture has already accounted Cain’s line as ungodly in Chapter four. In Chapter five the writer is establishing the Godly line of Adam through Seth. We learn Adam was 130 years old when Seth was born. That would mean Eve was 130 years old, as well, since they both were made on the same day of Creation (Day 6) but unknown hours apart. Abel was already deceased by the time Seth was born. Cain was married by the time Seth was born, and in the previous lesson I established Cain was married to his sister.

In verse 4, we learn Adam lived for 800 more years after Seth’s birth and had other sons and daughters. Most likely the sons and daughters were Eve’s offspring, but we can’t conclusively say with any certainty. We do not have additional information on Eve past Genesis 4:25. However, in Genesis 5:5, we learn Adam’s age when he died. He lived to the ripe old age of 930 years. In my research, I stumbled on this tidbit of info: “During this period (meaning pre-flood), the world would be populated quickly. One writer has estimated that if Adam, during his lifetime, saw only half the children he could have fathered grow up, and if only half of those got married, and if only half of those who got married had children, then even at these conservative rates, Adam would have seen more than a million of his own descendants.”1

When Seth is 130 years old, Enosh was born to Seth’s wife (who was probably his sister). Could there have been children before Enosh? Most likely, but we are not given their names because we are strictly following the line of Adam, through Seth, through which the Seed of Redemption (Jesus Christ) was to come. Verse 7, informs us Seth also had other children after Enosh, and lived for an additional 807 years, dying at the age of 912 years.

The pattern continues of age, birth of son, more children born, continued years of life and then death for nearly all the men mentioned in Adam’s genealogy in Chapter 5. I’m going to list the remaining men in Adam’s genealogy, their ages when their sons are born, their son’s name, and the age each man was at his death. (There is an exception of two in the list in Chapter 5.) I’ll also take a closer look at four of the men listed below.

Name                                    Age at birth of son                           Son                          Age at death
Enosh                                                   90                                       Cainan                               905
Cainan                                                 70                                        Mahalaleel                       910
Mahalaleel                                          65                                        Jared                                 895
Jared                                                   162                                       Enoch                                962
*Enoch                                                 65                                       Methuselah                did not die
*Methuselah                                     187                                       Lamech                            969
*Lamech                                            182                                       Noah                                 777
*Noah                                                 500                                       Shem,                not revealed yet
….                                                       …                                          Ham, and                          …
….                                                       …                                          Japheth                              …

*Indicates more will be said about these men

Enoch was seventh in the lineage of Adam, and we learn significant information about him in verses 22-24. After Methuselah is born the Scripture tells us, “Enoch walked with God three hundred years, and begot sons and daughters.” In the previous pattern of Adam’s genealogy, we are not given any additional details of the men until this verse. Enoch walked with God, but what does that mean exactly? For Moses (as the writer/possible editor of this genealogy) to go beyond the pattern and take the time to mention not just once, but twice (see v. 24) Enoch’s walk with God tells us much about Enoch. No one before Enoch is given any fact of his definitive faith, other than being accounted for in Adam’s lineage. Enoch was faithful, and possibly blameless before the LORD. In Genesis 17:7, the LORD (Yahweh) is talking with Abram (Abraham) who is 99 years old and the LORD says to Abram: “I am Almighty God; walk before Me and be blameless.” Here Yahweh tells Abram to walk before Him and be blameless.  The walking is paired with being blameless.

How would it be to be worshiping God, walking in faith with Him, believing in Him, and His future promise of Redemption’s Seed to save the world, and then suddenly be taken from this world, never experiencing death? (Gives me chill bumps.) To experience that type of closeness with the LORD must be a very humbling and awe-inspiring experience. We only know of one other man who did not experience death, the prophet Elijah. We do not have specific answers to why God took them both, but God is God, and His purposes are perfect.

The next man I want to focus on is Methuselah. He is the longest recorded living man on the face of the earth. He was 187 years old when Lamech was born. In total, he lived 969 years. If you were to draw a bar graph with each of the men in Adam’s genealogy listed with their respective ages, you would find many of them overlapping. In the case of Methuselah, he had to have known the patriarch of the family, Adam**. Think of all the direct information Methuselah learned from his great-great-great-great-great-great grandfather which he likely passed down to his own grandson, Noah.

(**If you start off with Adam’s first year on earth at the number 0 and based off the years of his life on this earth, Adam was around 687 years old when Methuselah was born. Adam died when he was 930 years old. Based off Methuselah being born in 687 B.C., and then add the total number of years of his life, he died in approximately 1656 B.C., prior to the flood.)

If you read the note above, I mentioned the death of Methuselah in 1656 B.C. just prior to the flood of Noah’s era. Why is this significant? Let’s look at Methuselah’s father, Enoch, again. Enoch was a prophet. Jude points to this in his epistle in verses 14. (See Jude 14-15). Jude notes that he is the brother of James. James is a younger brother of Jesus, so Jude is also considered to be a younger brother of Jesus. It wasn’t until after the resurrection of Christ when Jude became a follower of Jesus Christ. In Jude 14 and 15, he gives a quote from the Book of Enoch, which is not a canonical book in Scripture, but since the Scripture, as we know it, is inspired, this one quote is considered inspired. (But NOT the whole Book of Enoch, please note that! There are issues with it, enough to not have it in the Canon of Scripture.)

There has been much speculation about the meaning of Methuselah’s name. Many believe his name was a prophecy of sorts denoting the time of impending destruction. (You can read info on that in the link provided below.) What is significant to know about him? Not just his age, but that he died in the same year as the flood which you can figure out with a little math. Methuselah did not die in the flood, as some have speculated, because he was a righteous man, and only the ungodly died in the flood. He was in Adam’s genealogy, and he had a godly father, Enoch, who never died, and therefore can be deemed as a righteous, godly man. (You can read more on this in the linked article below.) God held off the judgement by water until after Methuselah’s death. God is always gracious, giving everyone ample time to repent before judgement comes.

Lamech, Methuselah’s son, was the father of Noah. Noah was born to Lamech’s wife (unnamed) when Lamech was 182 years old. In verse 29, we learn something significant about Lamech and Noah. Lamech, like his father and grandfather, and great-grands before him, was a godly man. We can know this because of what is written in verse 29: “And he called his name Noah, saying ‘This one will comfort us concerning our work and the toil of our hands, because of the ground which the LORD has cursed.’” Of all the people on the earth at this time, only one line, the lineage of Adam, through Seth, as set forth in Genesis 5, followed God. Noah’s father prophesied by naming his son, Noah, which in Hebrew means peace. Not only would Noah help his father toil the cursed earth (a result or condition of the Fall), but he prophesied to the time when Noah would be chosen as the man who would lead his wife, Shem, Ham, and Japheth, and their wives through a time of great judgement while rescuing animal kinds which the LORD sends to him to board the ark (Genesis 6:8-22 & 7:1-10). We will learn more about Noah and the Genesis Flood, more well known as Noah’s Flood in the next lesson’s overview.

Lamech lived to be 777 years old. He died five years before the flood, which can be figured out by applying math to the information we know from Genesis 5. The genealogy closes with verse 32 which simply states: And Noah was five hundred years old, and Noah begot Shem, Ham, and Japheth. We’ll delve further into Noah and his sons in the upcoming chapters (through chapter 10).

Before closing, I need to add a slight change to the schedule due to a few things that will keep me from writing the next overview on Genesis 6 this upcoming week and into the weekend. This just means I need to delay Week 7 by one week. Some things have come up on my schedule requiring this change. I looked at my schedule trying to think of how I could write AND do what I need to do next week, but I kinda like my sleep. Good news though, this gives you time to get caught up, go back over any of the week lessons you want a closer look at, and plus, it gives you extra time to answer the questions below, learn the memory verse, and read Genesis 6. And I may have to delay another week in the near future since I’m going to be caring a few days for my mother who lives a few states away.

Oh, did you figure out who the was most likely the last great-great… grandson Adam knew? If you guessed Lamech, then you are correct. And just to add another tidbit. Seth died when Noah was 14. Can you just imagine all the knowledge that was passed down generation to generation by men who were born several generations before their great-great…grands? Wow! Right?

Homework assignment: (You can work on this for two weeks if you want.)

Scripture Reading: Genesis 6

Suggested Scripture memorization:

But Noah found grace in the eyes of the LORD.” Genesis 6:8

Questions:

1.Who did the Sons of God see?

2.Who do you think are the Sons of God?

3.What did the Sons of God do with the women?

4.What do you think the LORD meant in verse 3?

5.Who were the mighty men? Were they (the mighty men) giants too?

6.What was great upon the earth?

7.What does verse 6 say about the LORD?

8.What does the LORD decide to do?

9.What does verse 8 say about Noah? And verse 9?

10.List the names of Noah’s sons.

11.What does verse 11 tell us about the earth in Noah’s time?

12.What three things does God tell Noah in verse 13?

13.What does God tell Noah to make? (See verse 14) What is it made from? What two other instructions does God tell Noah to do in accordance with building the Ark?

14.In verse 15, Noah is given the size of the Ark. What are its dimensions? What would that be in English Measurements? (Your Bible may have a note on the English measurements.)

15.How many windows did the Ark have? Where was the door located? How many deck levels were on the Ark?

16.In verse 17, God tells Noah about Who was bringing the floodwaters and the why. Write down the Who and the why.

17. What was God going to establish with Noah? Who could go with Noah on the ark? How many humans in all?

18. In verse 19, what does Noah learn about what he was to bring onto the ark? How many of each sort or kind? What were their genders?

19.What was the purpose that God tells Noah for bringing the animals onto the ark? (See verse 19)

20.What were the three groupings of creatures listed in verse 20? What is repeated in this verse that is the same from verse 19?

21.What were Noah’s instructions regarding food for the humans and the creatures?

22.Finally in verse 22, we are told what Noah did. What was it? Was Noah obedient?

_______________________________________________________________________

For Further Information:

Methuselah: https://answersingenesis.org/bible-timeline/genealogy/when-did-methuselah-die/
This includes some info on Enoch, and the Book of Enoch, also.
There are also two charts included in the text of the article that I highly recommend.

Lamech: https://www.blueletterbible.org/Comm/guzik_david/StudyGuide_Gen/Gen_5.cfm

Noah: https://www.gotquestions.org/Noah-comfort.html
Works cited:

1https://www.blueletterbible.org/Comm/guzik_david/StudyGuide_Gen/Gen_5.cfm

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Week Five (A look back at Genesis 4)

Woo Hoo Week Five, Ladies!

Welcome back! We are almost halfway through our study of the first eleven chapters of Genesis.

In the previous chapter, we dealt with a sad time in the history of man. Sin entered into a perfect creation and corrupted everything God had made good. Not only was man corrupted by sin, but the natural world received its (sin’s) curse, as well.

In verse one, we read of the gift of life; an offspring had been born. Eve said, “I have gotten a man from the Lord.” Cain, the eldest son of Adam and Eve, was the first child born to mankind. Note what Eve says, “I have gotten a man from the Lord.” Do you sense her hope? Eve remembered the words God had spoken against the serpent for his part in the Fall.

Let’s read those words again: “And I will put enmity between you and the woman, and between your seed and her Seed; He shall bruise your head, and you shall bruise His heel.” As she held her newborn son those words must have passed through her mind, since she was so proud she had received a man child from God. Eve may have thought it was through Cain who the Seed, the Redeemer of mankind, would be born. Although she was incorrect, she understood one day God would send a Redeemer to the world. (And I forgot to mention last week that the phrase, “you shall bruise His heel,” is a foreshadowing of the Crucifixion of Christ. As a person nailed to a cross would push up to get a breath, the friction of the heel against the wooden cross would bruise that person’s heel. Satan thought he had won when Christ was crucified, but we know the Cross and subsequent Resurrection of Christ, sealed Satan’s fate. Satan was not—and is—not God.)

In verse 2, we read Eve had another son, Abel. A lot of time passes in this one verse, because we are given the occupations of the brothers. Abel was a shepherd, and Cain was a farmer. At some point in time, Cain brought to God an offering full of crops he had grown. Abel also bought an offering. The place of the offerings was likely near where the cherubim stood guard over the tree of life, but we don’t know with any certainty, however.

It is important to note here this question. How did they know to bring an offering to the LORD? I believe it was through the example of their father, Adam. Adam had been introduced to the practice of blood sacrifice when God sacrificed an animal or animals as a means of providing sufficient clothing for Adam and Eve. We aren’t told Adam sacrificed between Genesis 3 and 4, but how would the brothers know to do so unless they were told or shown by example? One of the results of the Fall of Man is death. Death is a consequence that not only humans, but animals, will experience, in fact, all of Creation experiences death. We have a constant cycle of new birth and death whether it be in the vegetation, the animals, or in humanity. Sin caused death.

Verse 3 tells us that Abel brought a different sacrifice from his brother, Cain. Abel brought his firstlings (or firstborn, and best) of his flock of sheep. It also notes he brought the fat too. The writer of Genesis made certain to note the LORD’s respect of Abel, and of his offering. However, in verse 4, we read the response of the LORD to Cain’s offering. God did not respect Cain nor his offering.

Exactly what type of offering this was, we don’t know. Up to this point in man’s history, the Law had not been given, so it could be God may have accepted grain, animal and/or other offerings. We can, however, read other verses in the Bible to get a clearer understanding of what is happening here. (Note that Scripture interprets Scripture. Scripture can helps us gain a better understanding of what is presented in another verse of Scripture.)

Let’s look at Hebrews 11:4. In the first part of this verse it reads: “By faith Abel offered to God a more excellent sacrifice than Cain…” This is our commentary on Genesis 4:3-5. Abel’s offering was what God wanted. God wasn’t pleased with Cain’s offering. God is sovereign, and He also knows the heart of man (Acts 15:8). God knew who Cain was. Cain couldn’t hide what was in his heart which is true for all of us.

We don’t know what happened to signify  the rejection of Cain’s offering, but we do know how Cain responded. Cain’s response is an indicator of his heart. He was angry, and his countenance failed. Cain, as the older brother, could have been upset due to the fact his younger brother’s offering was accepted when his was not. Cain’s pride was hurt which is indicated by his countenance falling.

God lovingly gives Cain a warning in verses 6-7.

 So the Lord said to Cain, “Why are you angry? And why has your countenance fallen?  If you do well, will you not be accepted? And if you do not do well, sin lies at the door. And its desire is for you, but you should rule over it.

God questions him about his anger and his fallen countenance. He lovingly answers those questions for Cain like a father would do for a son. If Cain did well, he would be accepted. God warned him when he doesn’t do well, sin lies in wait for him. God tells Cain sin desires to capture him and control him. We would do well to heed God’s warning as well. Right?

In verse 7, God gives Cain a complete lesson on sin and its desire to control and ruin. God also gives Cain a clear message: we choose to let sin control us instead of us controlling it. Cain was not letting God be God in his (Cain’s) life. Cain was his own god. Abel, however, was allowing God to be God, hence the acceptance of his offering.

When we give sin root in our life, sin will control us.

In verse 8, Cain goes and talks with his brother, Abel, at some point. We are not given any indication of what Cain talked about with his brother. However, it isn’t hard to assume it most likely was related to the offerings and to the jealousy growing in Cain’s heart toward his brother. The jealousy and hatred had so exponentially coiled itself around Cain’s heart that one day, while they were in the field, Cain killed his brother. The sin (hate) in Cain’s heart drove him to be the first murderer in humankind.

Cain let sin control him and, in the process, he took another life. Cain’s dead heart was revealed in his actions.

In verse 9, did God not know where Abel was? God knew. But what Cain says to God in this verse indicates more about Cain’s character. Cain was not only a prideful, jealous, angry and murderous man, but he also was deceitfully wicked and spiteful. Cain, who had probably been taught the ways of God from his birth, as well as, the Fall of Man, arrogantly tells God he didn’t care about where his brother was. Cain had eliminated his competition.

In verse 10, God, however, tells Cain He knew where Abel was and what Cain had done to his brother. God says Abel’s blood cried to Him from the ground. (Cain had possibly buried his brother.) God then continues with a curse against Cain. Makes me wonder, what if Cain had admitted to God what he had done to Abel, could his fate had been a bit different? We’ll never know, will we? What we do see here (vv. 11-12) is: As the Judge, God requires consequences for sin. Since Cain had left his brother’s dead body in the field and had killed Abel with premeditation rooted in his heart, Cain would be forced to wander the land as a fugitive and vagabond. Cain would no longer be able to live on land he tilled. The ground simply would cease to produce a yield for him.

Then we see Cain say to the LORD in verses 13-14, “My punishment is greater than I can bear! Surely You have driven me out this day from the face of the ground; I shall be hidden from Your face; I shall be a fugitive and a vagabond on the earth, and it will happen that anyone who finds me will kill me.”

Cain was complaining to God and afraid of what his new outlook was to be. The punishment of banishment as a vagabond and a fugitive was more than he could comprehend. Cain had not stopped long enough to consider there would be consequences for his grievous sin of murder. He reacted out of jealousy and hate. Cain knew he would have to leave his family unit, and the land he loved to farm, but also God would no longer be available to him. He mentions his fear of others who would find him and take his life. Who were those people, if the Bible only mentions Adam, Eve, Cain, and Abel (who is now dead)?

We do know Adam and Eve have more children (see Gen. 4:25, Gen. 5:4). However, we do not know what age the brothers were at this point in history, but they were likely adults. If Scripture tells us in Genesis 3:16 God would greatly multiply Eve’s (and all women, for that matter) conception, although they aren’t mentioned other than the Scripture pointed out above, it is more than likely Cain and Able were not the only offspring at this time. They (possibly sisters, brothers, nieces, nephews, etc.) had to have existed since Cain was afraid of someone, but there is no way of knowing who or how many people were on the earth. Who knows, maybe Cain was afraid his father and mother would seek revenge for Abel’s death. However, there were other unnamed people because in verse 17 Cain has a wife. His wife had to be his sister since it is very unlikely other non-Adamic family units existed at this time.

So, God, even in His punishment towards Cain, extends mercy in verse 15. God protects Cain even as he banishes him. He places some sort of mark on Cain that signifies if anyone kills Cain, God would take vengeance sevenfold upon his murderer.

In verses 16-24, we learn about Cain’s descendants. Cain’s descendent would be ungodly since verse 16 indicates Cain went out from God’s presence. The farther one was from Eden the farther one was from God. Cain dwelled in the land of Nod which is located east of the land of Eden. Nod in Hebrew means wandering.

Cain and his wife had at least one child that we know of. His name was Enoch. We are told in verse 17 Cain built a city and he called it Enoch after his son. We are also given the name of Enoch’s son Irad. Then Cain’s greats are listed, but only following one another, and not several lines of lineage. They are as follows: Irad begot Mehujael, and Mehujael begot Methushael, and Methushael begot Lamech (v.18).

After Lamech’s name is mentioned we are given more detailed information. Lamech, the first polygamist in Scripture, marries two wives: Adah and Zillah. Adah as at least two sons, Jabal and Jubal. Jabal is noted to be the father of those who dwell in tents and have livestock. He and his offspring are likely nomads. Jabal is the father of musicians who play the harp and flute.

To Zillah is born Tubal-Cain and his sister, Naamah. Tubal-Cain is a metallurgist working with bronze and iron, however, we do not know anything else about his sister, Naamah.

In verse 23, Lamech’s brags to his two wives about his ability to defend himself, if necessary. The Kiel and Delitzsch Bible Commentary of the Old Testament states this about this passage: “whoever inflicts a wound or stripe on me, whether man or youth, I will put to death; and for every injury done to my person, I will take ten times more vengeance than that with which God promised to avenge the murder of my ancestor Cain.” Depending on what commentary one uses, some have said that Lamech killed someone with an implement that Tubal-Cain crafted and was bragging about it to his wives in song. I’m not one hundred percent certain, but what I do know is, Lamech was a very arrogant and godless man, and this ends the information we have about the line of Cain. His descendants did not know or honor God in what they did, but they relied instead on their own abilities and skilled trades.

Finally, in verses 25-26, we read of another son born to Adam and Eve. Eve recognized that Seth was a replacement for the line of Abel who had been the original godly line from which the Seed to save humanity would have come. Satan had, through the sin of Cain, snuffed out the godly line of Abel. Satan’s schemes did not surprise God. God always contends with the schemes of Satan to destroy God’s plan and purpose. God always prevails. Always! I like how Got Questions states it: “There is always a Seth to replace Abel.” No matter how the “destroyer” tries to usurp God’s divine will, God wins. God is Sovereign. Satan is not. Remember that! Believe it!

And what good news, Seth’s line continued with the birth of Enosh, of whom the godly line would ultimately bring the Redeemer, the promised Seed (v.26). I love how Genesis 4 ends: “Then men began to call upon the name of the LORD.”  This is what has long-lasting significance, not advances in civilization as was mentioned in Cain’s line. What matters to God is that He is high and lifted up, not man. Mankind of Seth’s line began to call upon the name of the LORD to proclaim and worship Him.

What a beautiful legacy.

 

Homework assignment for this week:

Scripture Reading: Genesis 5

Suggested Scripture memorization:

“In the day that God created man, He made him in the likeness of God. He created them male and female, and blessed them and called them Mankind in the day they were created.” Genesis 5:1b-2, NKJV

Questions:

1.Whose genealogy was this?

2.What does this text tell us about God created humanity?

3.How old was Adam when Seth was born?

4.Did Adam have other sons and daughters?

5.How long did Adam live?

6.How old was Seth when Enosh was born?

7.Did Seth have other children?

8.How long did Seth live?

9.How old was Enosh when his wife had Cainan?

10.Are you seeing any pattern? What are the pattern(s)?

11.Did Enosh have more children? At what age did he die?

12.How old was Cainan when he begot Mahaleel? Any more children born to Cainan? How old was Cainan when he died?

13.Mahaleel was how old when Jared was born? Were more children born after Jared? How old was Mahaleel when he died?

14.Who was Jared’s son? How old was Jared at his son’s birth? Were more children born after Jared’s first born?

15.What was Jared’s age at his death?

16.At age 65 Enoch became the father of whom? What does Scripture tell us about Enoch after Methuselah was born? Are any of the previous men in Adam’s lineage described in this way?

17.Other sons and daughters were born to Enoch, but we learn something even more significant about him than just his faithful walk with God. What do we learn about Enoch? Why is this fact so significant?

18.Methuselah becomes a father at what age? What is his son’s name? How long does Methuselah live? Do you know what is significant about his age at his death?

19.Lamech has a son at 182 years of age, what is his son’s name?

20.What does Lamech say specifically about his son’s name? What does this mean?

21.After Noah was born, Lamech has other sons and daughters, at what age does Lamech die?

24.Verse 32 tells us Noah is how old? List the names of his sons.

25.Who was the last great great…. grandson Adam probably knew? (See if you can figure it out.)

_________________________________________

For Further Investigation:
Cain and Abel’s Offerings:
https://answersingenesis.org/bible-characters/cain/why-didnt-god-respect-cains-offering/

Cain and Abel:
https://www.gotquestions.org/Cain-and-Abel.html

Cain was afraid:
https://www.gotquestions.org/Cain-afraid.html

Mark on Cain:
https://www.blueletterbible.org/faq/don_stewart/don_stewart_715.cfm

Nod:
https://www.biblestudytools.com/dictionary/nod/

Lamech brags:
http://biblehub.com/commentaries/genesis/4-23.htm

Seth:
https://www.gotquestions.org/Seth-in-the-Bible.html

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Week Four (A look back at Genesis 3)

I’m so excited to have you back with me as we study through the book of Genesis. Part 1 of this study is over chapters 1-11. We are on the third chapter in Genesis.

Chapter three begins with a fact-filled statement:Now the serpent was more cunning than any beast of the field which the LORD God (Yahweh) had made.” This tells us that the serpent is the most cunning creature at this specific time, and it was created by Yahweh.

Verse one closes out with the serpent speaking. It is a ploy to get the woman to question God and His wisdom.

And he said to the woman, “Has God indeed said, ‘You shall not eat of every tree of the garden’?” (v.1)

What?

Can serpents speak? Presently no, but could serpents and other animals speak in the Garden? Anything is possible. Let’s make some observations based off the woman’s reply:

 And the woman said to the serpent, “We may eat the fruit of the trees of the garden; but of the fruit of the tree which is in the midst of the garden, God has said, ‘You shall not eat it, nor shall you touch it, lest you die.’”

The woman is having a conversation with the serpent. Is she fearful? No. If a serpent spoke to you, would you be fearful? I know I would. The Fall had not yet happened, although it is close. Since the woman is still innocent, she has nothing to fear of the serpent.

I wonder if there could have been previous conversations with the serpent, or other animals. It is possible. We do have animals capable of mimicking voices, so there is something in them which they can use to make those voice-like sounds. It is possible they possessed the ability to talk, but we can only speculate since we do not have more information on this subject recorded in Scripture. We do know of another instance in which an animal spoke, but it was God who spoke through the animal (Balaam’s donkey).

Reread the woman’s response. What did she add to what God had said about the fruit of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil?

Nor shall you touch it.

Genesis 2:17 says: “but of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil you shall not eat, for in the day that you eat of it you shall surely die.” There is nothing about not touching it. Right? The woman added to what God said.

The serpent was being used as the mouthpiece of Satan, and undoubtedly accepted being used by Satan to deceive the woman. The serpent was a willing participant and would pay for his willingness in a few verses. He was doing his job: making the woman believe something contrary to truth. He planted a seed of doubt in her mind by questioning what God had already said.

Then he goes in for the “kill.” What does he say to the woman? “You will not surely die. For God knows that in the day you eat of it your eyes will be opened, and you will be like God, knowing good and evil (vv. 4b-5).”

That was a lie. Isn’t that like Satan? He plants a seed of doubt and once that seed of doubt is there, he tells a lie. Satan is the great deceiver, the first liar. John MacArthur says it like this: “Here you have the first lie, as far as we know, ever told. And that is what Satan does, he lies. And mark this down. He lies about two things…one, he lies about the character of God, and he lies about the Word of God. And that’s where his assault is inevitably directed.”1

Satan is the father of lies (John 8:44). He used the woman as the weaker vessel to bring about the Fall of man. The serpent (Satan) was indeed cunning.

And the woman fell for that deception.

Verse 6 tells us the woman’s reaction.  The woman saw the tree was good for food. In addition to appealing to the eyes, because of Satan’s lies, she also believed it would make her wise. She takes it from the tree. She ate it. Lastly, she gives it to her husband. We have the temptation (saw), the participation in the appeal of the temptation (takes) and then the fulfillment of the temptation (she ate it). However, she doesn’t stop there. She brings (gives) someone else into her sin, her husband, who just happens to be with her, and stood by her silently while she is lured into sin by Satan. Adam seals the deal; he ate too. He participates in the sin, willingly without coercion, and without caring about what God had told him in Gen. 2:17. He had fallen for Satan’s lie too.

Note again that Adam was with Eve (v.6). We aren’t 100% clear on the timeline but at some point Adam was with Eve. Why did he choose to stay silent? What if he had have said, “Wait a minute, my dear. God told us we can’t eat that fruit. I will not eat it.” We could be looking at a whole different outcome. Got Questions has a few other scenarios to this section of Genesis 3. They are all good viable possibilities. But the bottom line is Adam could have refused the fruit, but he did not and as Adam and Eve were about to discover: we can’t hide our sin from God. He knows. And there are always consequences.

This whole issue could have been only an issue between the woman and God. It would have been Eve’s sin alone if Adam had refused to eat, but because he did not, the consequence of the sin fell on his head. He was the head of their home and the primary responsibility to guard his home was on him. Adam failed not only God, but he failed to safely guard his wife. Notice also, it was not until Adam ate that both realized their nakedness. Out of their shame they sought to cover themselves (v.7).

Formed as morally innocents, Adam and Eve were now sinners. (Our introduction to the Doctrine of Sin.) Adam was the first man who in the beginning he was made perfect, but by choice he became imperfect. At this point in time it was only Adam and Eve. Eve had not yet had children, so now because of Adam’s sin, his seed would be born as sinners; all offspring would be born into sin. (Please note: Jesus Christ was not born sinful. He being fully God, while being fully man was the ONLY exception.) Death had entered humanity because the first man, Adam, had willfully sinned, or rebelled, against God.

Then “they heard the sound of the LORD God walking in the garden…” Can you imagine Adam and Eve’s fear at the sound of THE LORD God’s presence in the garden? They had just gone against God’s one law for them. They knew they were wrong (they had sinned) because they hid (v.8), and they were afraid (v.10).

God calls out to Adam, “Where are you? (v.9)” Did God not know where they were? Of course, He knew. He’s God. God wanted Adam to know where he (Adam) was. Adam knew where he was, too, even though he lacked the guts to declare the truth. Think about it: If he didn’t know where he was spiritually then why did he hide? Adam was very aware of his sin against God.

Adam responds with a half-truth. “I heard Your voice in the garden, and I was afraid because I was naked; and I hid myself.” That’s how we do it, we tell half-truths, so we don’t have to admit we’re wrong. Ask a child what they’ve done wrong, and they’ll beat around the truth, not wanting to own up to what they’ve done. Your sweet child knows. They do their best to hide the facts, but their attempts to cover the truth reveals what you already know. They are guilty.

God knew Adam was guilty. The LORD God says: “Who told you that you were naked? Have you eaten from the tree of which I commanded you that you should not eat?” (v.11) God goes straight to the heart of the rebellion.

Adam still isn’t ready to ‘fess up, and worse, he places the blame elsewhere. He deflects the truth of the matter hoping to place the quilt somewhere else and off himself. He tells God it was the woman who did it. She’s the guilty party because she gave him the fruit, but he blames God, too, after all God had  given Eve to Adam. Adam was trying hard to convince God he wasn’t fully to blame as he confesses, finally, to the deed.

In verse 13, God addresses the woman asking her what she had done, but, following the example of her husband, she places the blame squarely on anything other than herself. She blames the serpent due to his deception before she admits to eating the fruit.

In the next few verses (14-21) we see what is called by most scholars as the Adamic Covenant*, or the covenant with man, which contains the conditions of the Fall of humanity.

Condition 1:

Serpent is cursed (v.14). The serpent allowed itself to be the tool by which Satan caused man to fall. The serpent would lose its ability to walk since it was cursed to move around only by its belly on the ground. Some biblical scholars assume the pre-Fall serpent most likely had legs and could possibly walk upright. (I believe they are correct.) Verse 15 points out the fear between mankind and serpents, but it also references Satan (see condition 2).

Condition 2:

Satan would be ultimately judged (i.e. bruised head) although he would be given opportunity for limited success on earth (in terms of deceiving many). “And I will put enmity between you and the woman, and between your seed and her Seed; He shall bruise your head, and you shall bruise His heel.” Enmity also means hostility. There would be hostility between those who followed Satan (your seed) and those who followed Christ (her Seed).

Condition 3:

Verse 15 is also a prophecy of the coming Messiah, Jesus Christ. He is the Seed of woman. God applied His grace as only He can do when Adam (and Eve) sinned by disobeying. Jesus Christ would bring reconciliation to God upon faith in Christ. As in the first Adam all men die, but by the second Adam redemption is provided (See also Romans 5, 1 Corinthians 15:45-49).

Conditions 4 and 5:

Verse 16 points out two things about offspring through the woman. First, childbirth would be painful (#4), and conception would be multiplied (#5). Because of sin bearing children would be painful to not just Eve, but to all women who follow her. Also, since death entered the world through sin, more humans would be necessary to fill the earth.

Condition 6:

Women everywhere would be under their husband’s authority. It doesn’t mean women are lesser vessels but that her position would be one of subjection to her husband. And… there would be conflict. Her desire would be to rule over her husband (v.16), but she would have to be submissive to his authority and protection over her. Due to sin’s entrance into the world, and since Eve was primary in bringing sin into the world, the husband and wife relationship would change to one of conflict over who was to in control. God did not mean that men have a right to dominate over women, but conflict would exist between the sexes because of original sin.

In the New Testament God gives us His ideal relationship between a man and his wife. Let’s remember that Eve was made from man. She was made from material from Adam’s side (rib and possibly more). It can be said that a woman was to walk side by side with her husband in a harmonious relationship. That’s what God intended, but sin entered and changed everything. (Read Ephesians 5 to see how God intends for a marriage between a man and a woman to be.) A good marriage takes hard work. It takes much effort to love one another unconditionally and to be mutually submissive. Just being real: I battle internally for control of my marriage. I fail miserably at this at times. I’m just thankful for a husband who loves me and seeks to protect me, even though sometimes I fight it. He constantly reminds me that he alone will answer to God for how he heads our home. He makes me laugh too, because he tells me he might be the head, but I’m the neck. LOL (Get it? Wherever the neck turns, the head turns with it.) When we allow God to work in our marriage, and within our God-given roles marriage is a beautiful thing and a beautiful picture of Christ’s relationship with the Body of Christ, His Church. Shouldn’t that take some of the pressure off? It should, and Ladies, we should rest in that. Let your husband be the head of your home. Love him. Mutually serve one another and love each other. Let your husband do what God intended for him to be in your marriage.

Conditions 7 and 8:

In verses 17-19 God tells Adam, since he allowed his wife to have authority over him, and chose to listen to his wife, it wasn’t going to be an easy future for humankind in terms of providing sustenance. The ground was cursed because of sin (#7). To satisfy their need for food, it was going to take hard work. No longer would he be living the easy life of tending and eating from God’s garden, but from now on he would have to contend with weeds, thorns, and sweat to be able to eat (#8). Man would have to cultivate his food and not leisurely take it from the trees of the garden.

If you’ve ever tried to sow your own garden for food, you’ve probably realized how hard it is. It’s like the ground grows rocks. Right? Where we live, the soil is full of rocks. When I gardened at our old house each year it seemed like more rocks would rise to the surface as I tilled the dirt to prepare it for new plantings. No matter how many rocks I pulled (or tossed) out of the ground there were always more. Plus, no matter how hard I worked to eradicate the weeds, more would pop up. It was a constant job and lots of sweat, but how delicious were those “fruits” of my labor.

Condition 9

In verse 19, God relays to Adam the final condition of sin’s entrance into the world: death. Adam and Eve had originally been made to live forever, but now because of sin they would die, and be returned to the ground. Although death wasn’t eminently fulfilled after the Fall, Adam and Eve would still face the penalty of their sin just as God had promised in Genesis 2:17. Yes, they would surely die, but God’s longsuffering and His full-on grace would allow them to live life. God was still going to allow them to carry out the “Be fruitful and multiply” mandate of Gen. 1:28.

In verse 20, Adam finally names his wife, Eve, which means mother of all living. Through her humanity would continue, and through her Seed, redemption would be provided to redeem mankind back to God.

God performs the first sacrifice to provide proper clothing for Adam and Eve (v. 21). The fig leaves (v.7) were not enough to cover them properly. The animals (possibly two) He sacrificed were innocent, and this foreshadows the sacrifice of Jesus Christ, who was also innocent, but died for man’s sin guilt. The shedding of blood came about because of sin. This is the perfect picture of God’s Grace to mankind. God sacrificed on Adam and Eve’s behalf when He could have just killed them and started over, but He already had a plan in place.

The plan of Redemption (Doctrine of Salvation) was already in action before the foundation of the world was established. 1 Peter 1:20 says: He (meaning Christ) was foreordained before the foundation of the world…” God is sovereign and all-knowing; He knew what would happen and what was required to make things right with Himself. (Take a few moments and read 1 Peter 1; it will encourage you.) Mankind CAN NOT make things right with God, only a perfect, unblemished Lamb can cancel the sin debt we owe. Jesus Christ, the Lamb of God is the only spiritual sacrifice acceptable to God (1 Peter 2: 5). It’s only through Jesus Christ can one be made right with God.

Read what Romans 3:21-26 has to say:

But now the righteousness of God apart from the law is revealed, being witnessed by the Law and the Prophets, even the righteousness of God, through faith in Jesus Christ, to all and on all who believe. For there is no difference;  for all have sinned and fall short of the glory of God, being justified freely by His grace through the redemption that is in Christ Jesus, whom God set forth as a propitiation by His blood, through faith, to demonstrate His righteousness, because in His forbearance God had passed over the sins that were previously committed,  to demonstrate at the present time His righteousness, that He might be just and the justifier of the one who has faith in Jesus.2

If not for grace we would all wander lost from the heart of God.

Because now Adam and Eve had knowledge of both good and evil, we read in verse 22 of God’s continued watch care over them. Here we see the pronoun “Us” again, which is a refence to the Trinity (Doctrine of the Trinity). There had to be a way to guard Adam and Eve from eating from the Tree of Life which would have caused them to live endlessly in their sinful state. To live that way would have been a despairing existence. Their innocence lost, they could no longer live in the Garden of Eden.

God sent them to live out their lives away from the garden (v.23-24). From that time forth Adam would have to work to provide for them (v.23). Cherubim (plural) holding a flaming sword were to stand guard to the way to the tree of life (v.24) to ensure man did not and would not have access to the tree of life.

Although God forced them out of the garden, He still was about the business of caring for them and continues to care for us today.

Thought I’d leave you with the words to the song, “Come, Thou Fount of Every Blessing.” It’s a great reminder to keep our focus on Christ and be mindful every day of His all-consuming Grace, in spite of the daily battle we have against sin and we will have as long as we are on this earth. (Scroll below for suggested memory verse, homework, questions and extra information you may want to explore.)

Come, Thou Fount of every blessing,
Tune my heart to sing Thy grace;
Streams of mercy, never ceasing,
Call for songs of loudest praise.
Teach me some melodious sonnet,
Sung by flaming tongues above.
Praise the mount! I’m fixed upon it,
Mount of Thy redeeming love.

Sorrowing I shall be in spirit,
Till released from flesh and sin,
Yet from what I do inherit,
Here Thy praises I’ll begin;
Here I raise my Ebenezer;
Here by Thy great help I’ve come;
And I hope, by Thy good pleasure,
Safely to arrive at home.

Jesus sought me when a stranger,
Wandering from the fold of God;
He, to rescue me from danger,
Interposed His precious blood;
How His kindness yet pursues me
Mortal tongue can never tell,
Clothed in flesh, till death shall loose me
I cannot proclaim it well.

O to grace how great a debtor
Daily I’m constrained to be!
Let Thy goodness, like a fetter,
Bind my wandering heart to Thee.
Prone to wander, Lord, I feel it,
Prone to leave the God I love;
Here’s my heart, O take and seal it,
Seal it for Thy courts above.

O that day when freed from sinning,
I shall see Thy lovely face;
Clothed then in blood washed linen
How I’ll sing Thy sovereign grace;
Come, my Lord, no longer tarry,
Take my ransomed soul away;
Send thine angels now to carry
Me to realms of endless day.3

 

Homework assignment for this week:

Scripture Reading: Genesis 4

Suggested Scripture memorization:

 “Abel also brought of the firstborn of his flock and of their fat. And the Lord respected Abel and his offering, but He did not respect Cain and his offering. And Cain was very angry, and his countenance fell.” Genesis 4:4-5, NKJV

Questions:

1.Eve means mother of all living (Gen. 3:20). In Chapter 4 is the first recorded birth on earth. What was the curse mentioned in Chapter 3 in regard to birth?

2.What was the name of Adam and Eve’s first child? The second child?

3.According to verse 2, what were Cain and Abel’s occupation?

4.Verses 3 and 4  references the offerings of the sons of Adam. From whom did they learn the act of worship through sacrificial offerings?

5.What was Cain’s offering? Abel’s?

6.There is a noticeable difference between the offerings. What is God’s reaction to the offerings?

7.Does Scripture record a response from Abel? What could be a reason for Abel’s silence or the Scriptures lack of giving us Abel’s response to God’s praise?

8.What was Cain’s response? What does Scripture tell us about his countenance? What does that mean?

9.What did the LORD tell Cain in verses 6 and 7?

10.What does the LORD mean when He tells Cain, “…And if you do not do well, sin lies at the door. And its desire is for you, but you should rule over it.”?

11.Retrospective Question: Does sin rule over you, or do you rule over sin? How can sin ruling over you destroy your life?

12.Cain’s sin changed his life. What was his punishment? How did he respond to his punishment?

13.Cain felt doomed and feared for his life, how did God supply grace to Cain even in his punishment?

14.Retrospective Question: Have there been times God has applied His grace even in punishment toward you for sin? How did it make you feel? Did that cause you to cling to God or turn away from Him?

15.Where did Cain go? Scripture notates he went out from something/someone. List that something/someone. What did that represent for Cain’s future?

16.Verse 17 tells us Cain knew his wife. Who was she if there was only one family line on the earth at this time?

17.Cain built a city and named it after his son, Enoch. List Enoch’s sons and grandsons.

18. Which grandson are we given more information about? How many wives did he have? What were their names?

19.List Lamech’s sons and their occupation.

20. What news did Lamech reveal to his wives? Did he think highly of himself? Was he godly or ungodly?

21. Who was Seth? What did Eve say about him?

22. What is Seth’s son’s name?

23. What is the last sentence in Chapter 4? What does it tell you about the culture of that time?

24. Fill in the Blanks:

Cain’s lineage was ____________________________________, but Seth’s lineage was ___________________. (If you need a clue, your headings in your Bible for vv. 16-24, and vv. 25-26, will probably give you the words for the blanks.)

 

­­­­­­­­­­­­­For further exploration:

Could the serpent speak?:
https://answersingenesis.org/bible-characters/adam-and-eve/eve-shocked-a-serpent-spoke/

Adam with Eve:
https://www.gotquestions.org/Adam-with-Eve.html

Then Adam ate:
https://answersingenesis.org/bible-characters/adam-and-eve/why-were-eves-eyes-not-opened-until-adam-ate/

God walking in the Garden:
https://www.gotquestions.org/God-walk-garden.html
https://www.blueletterbible.org/faq/don_stewart/don_stewart_712.cfm

If Adam and Eve never sinned:
https://billygraham.org/answer/what-would-the-world-be-like-if-adam-and-eve-had-never-sinned-or-do-you-think-it-would-be-pretty-much-the-same-as-it-is-right-now/

Knowledge of Good and Evil:
https://www.gotquestions.org/knowledge-good-evil.html

Guarding Eden:
https://www.gotquestions.org/guard-east-Eden.html

Works Cited:

1John MacArthur sermon: https://www.gty.org/library/sermons-library/90-238/the-fall-of-man-part-1
2Romans 3:21-26: https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Romans+3%3A21-26&version=NKJV
3Come Thou Fount of Every Blessing: http://cyberhymnal.org/htm/c/o/comethou.htm

*You can find a wealth of information in the notes in your Bible. I found great notes from my NKJV Bible (p.9). It’s The New Open Bible Study Edition published by Thomas Nelson Publishers in Nashville, TN. (Copyright 1990). If you don’t have a study edition, I recommend one. I hope to get an additional one sometime soon.

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