So glad you’ve decided to join me for another week. We’re getting close to the end of our twelve-week study of Genesis 1-11. I hope you’ve enjoyed it and are getting much out of the study.
We’re done with homeschool this year (finished last Wednesday), and I’m scrambling this week to get the remaining parts of this study finished. I’m going across a few states next week to bring my mom back with me for a brief visit before she joins my little brother and his family further north for the summer. Prayers would be appreciated for safe travel, but also for patience on my part and a great visit with my mom. When she is here, I will be so busy trying to keep her safe and as restful as I can manage, so I won’t be able to write since her care is a constant activity. She has Alzheimer’s, and she has good and bad days. I witnessed some of that when I watched her a few weekends back for my sister. My mom wore me out, both physically and emotionally, when I watched her. It’s heartbreaking to see her changes, especially when she has moments she doesn’t know who I am. My oldest daughter was with me, and my mother often confused her for me. Pray for my family also as this will be an adjustment for them while she is here.
On with the study…
Today, we will review Chapter 9.
Noah and his family, along with the animals they saved, had just disembarked from their year-long refuge on the ark while the earth witnessed the ravages of the Great Flood. Noah was a righteous man and had done everything God had requested of him. The first thing Noah did on dry land was willingly sacrifice to God out of his thankfulness. He took at least one animal or bird from every clean animal and bird kind. There were seven pairs of those animals on the ark, but it was a risky sacrifice because that was it; all other animals had perished in the Flood. God honored Noah’s sacrifice and was well pleased with it.
In the last portion of Chapter 8, God had told Noah He would never destroy every living thing as He had done in the Great Flood (Gen. 8:21). While the earth remained, seasons would be the order by which the earth would exist (Gen. 8:22).
Chapter 9 introduces the Noahic Covenant. Everything from the previous time before the flood was now to be under this new covenant God was to introduce and make with Noah and his sons.
In the opening verse of Chapter 9, God begins with a blessing to Noah and his sons. This was the first portion to the new covenant. They were to be fruitful and multiply, which meant they were to fill the earth with people. This parallels Genesis 1:28. Noah and his family were given the same mandate of procreation as Adam had been given in the beginning. It would be their mission to repopulate the earth.
Verse 2 implies death. The animals would be fearful of their own lives around man. This implies that during the pre-Flood period animals lived without fear of mankind. In the Creation mandate given to Adam (Gen. 1:28), man was to not only to populate the earth, but subdue and have dominion over it which simply means animals were not to be superior to man. The second provision of this covenant continues the subjection of the animal kingdom to man. God gave the animals and such into Noah and his sons’ hands.
Next, in verse three, the animals, birds, creeping things, and the fish in the sea, would be for food. Every moving thing would provide substance to man. This is the third provision in the new covenant. This also implies man lived as vegetarians before the Flood. God also reaffirms plants (herbs) as food for man. However, God warns Noah and his sons not to eat the blood of the animals they used for food. Blood is the life source in all living, without it, life is not sustainable. (There is a whole lot more to this, but I will not focus on that subject here. Perhaps at a later time.)
In verses 5 and 6, God establishes the sacredness of human life which is the fourth provision of the Noahic Covenant. If any beast or man killed another man, the killer’s life would be required. As image bearers of God, human life is valuable and should be respected. Verse 5 is also the establishment of Human Government. God is its Author. In fact, Romans 13 informs Christians we are subject to the laws of human government, because God gives human government its earthly power to exist.
Verse 7 is the reemphasis of man’s responsibility to populate the earth. It is a reminder life is important and not to be treated lightly. They were not to kill one another but were to produce more life to fill (again) the earth with people.
In verses 8-10, God assures Noah that this covenant is with all of Noah’s descendants (this includes us, today, too), and every living creature on the earth. This is the fifth part of the covenant.
Verse 11 gives us the sixth provision of the covenant. God promises Noah and his sons He (God) will never send a global flood again across the face of the earth. God has not sent another world-world flood since, but we have experienced local floods. (Sadly, right now, the south and southeast portions of our nation are being hammered with lots of rain creating flooding in many different areas. Please keep them in your prayers.)
The covenant God makes with Noah and his sons is brought to completion in Genesis 9: 12-17. This final provision would be a sign to perpetual generations and not only Noah and his sons. God’s sign in the sky would be a rainbow in the cloud.
I don’t know about you, but when I was a child I would always get excited to see a rainbow in the sky after or during a storm. And a double rainbow? Oh my, that was a treat. The colorful rainbow always made me think of God’s promise to Noah to never flood the earth again. Does the rainbow bring about similar thoughts to you?
In verse 13, God tells Noah He would set the rainbow in the cloud. Verse 14 mentions when God would bring a cloud over the earth the rainbow would be seen in the cloud. This cloud is referring to clouds which bring forth rain. To have rainbows you need water droplets, reflection, refraction, and sunlight. The seven colors of the visible light spectrum are present in a rainbow. You probably learned the ROYGBIV acronym to remember the colors and their sequence. Red. Orange. Yellow. Green. Blue. Indigo, and violet.
God allows the rainbow to be present in the clouds as the result of light playing off the millions of water droplets to produce a multi-color brilliance. God sees the rainbow too, because in verse 16 He tells Noah:”‘The rainbow shall be in the cloud, and I will look on it to remember the everlasting covenant between God and every living creature of all flesh that is on the earth.’” So, as you see the rainbow in the sky, know God sees it, too, and He remembers the covenant He made with Noah and all perpetual generations on the earth.
Verse 18 moves on to Noah’s sons who were included on the ark. Their names are mentioned here: Shem, Ham, and Japheth. However, the verse points out a bit of additional information. It informs us that Ham was the father of Canaan. Why point out Ham’s son’s name? We will see why in upcoming verses and in Chapters 10 and 11.
Verse 19 specifically states Noah’s sons would repopulate the earth. Noah and his wife apparently had no more sons. In Chapter 10, we will learn more about Noah’s sons and grandsons.
In verse 20, we are told Noah’s occupation in the post-Flood earth. Noah was a farmer and planted a vineyard. From the vineyard, he made wine and became drunk in his overindulgence. I found out through a search on the Internet that it takes up to three years to produce grape on new vines. What we have written in verses 20-24 was not an immediate action of Noah once he was on firm, dry ground. It took a process of time not mentioned in the Scripture to get to this portion of Noah’s story. We only know a few details of Noah’s production of wine. He planted a vineyard. It produced grapes at some point, and Noah made wine from those grapes. Noah drank it. He overindulged and was drunk. In his drunkenness he was lying naked in his tent.
And then enters Ham. Ham was the youngest (see v. 24) and, undoubtedly, was very foolish. Ham saw his daddy naked and told his brothers (v. 22). Ham was not concerned about respecting his father, but instead gloated over his father’s sin. We are given a glimpse into Ham’s heart. He was not an honorable man. Most likely, this was Noah’s first instance of overindulgence in wine. Perhaps, his first HUGE sin in Ham’s eyes. Ham had watched his father live an honorable life and possibly had some resentment in his heart against his father. We don’t know this is this case, however. (Scripture doesn’t tell us this, so I’m making an assumption. Please note that!) For Ham to tell others of his father’s inebriation, he did not have a high regard for his father and for his father’s stance in their family community.
Shem and Japheth had honorable hearts and a great respect for their father. They did not want to look on their father’s disgrace, but instead chose to protect their father by covering his nakedness (v.23). They went into the tent in such a way to keep from looking upon their father in his nakedness.
When Noah awoke from his drunkenness, he knew immediately what his younger son had done. Noah then proceeded to curse Ham’s son, Canaan. Undoubtedly, Noah knew Canaan had inherited his father’s wickedness, so the curse fell on Canaan, but it also fell on Ham as the father of Canaan. Canaan would be a servant of servants to his brethren.
But as Noah cursed Canaan, he rewarded Shem and Japheth for the honor they gave their father (vv. 26-27). Canaan would serve Shem and Japheth. Shem (Israelites would come from his seed, and Jesus Christ would ultimately come from Shem’s seed) would be blessed of the LORD (Yahweh) and would receive the greater honor. Japheth (through whom Gentiles would come) would be enlarged and dwell in the tents of Shem, meaning through Shem all Gentiles would be blessed throughout the world (this foreshadows the coming of Jesus Christ). Shem and Japheth received the blessing of their birthrights, whereas Ham received a curse.
Finally, the chapter ends with the death of Noah. Noah lived 350 years after the flood and died at 950 years. He was the last to live this lengthy life span of which God blessed him with.
Two more weeks left. Come back next week for a look at the Table of Nations in Genesis 10. (Do you know what son of Noah your lineage comes from? And your lineage could be from more than one son.)
Homework assignment for next week:
Scripture Reading: Genesis 10
Suggested Scripture Memorization: (None for this week! Review your past Scripture memory verse!)
1.List the sons of Japheth.
2.Verse 3 lists the sons of Gomer. These men were Japheth’s grandsons. What are their names?
3.List Javan’s sons.
4.What does verse 5 say about Japheth’s sons and grandsons? (Location and their racial designation.)
5.List Ham’s sons.
6.Verse 7 lists the sons of Cush. They were Ham’s grandsons. What were their names? What were Raamah’s sons’ names?
7.Verse 8 points out one of Cush’s sons. What was his name? What does verse 8 and 9 say about him?
8.Verse 10 lists the names of town and the name of his kingdom. Please list the town under the heading of the Kingdom: Shinar
9.What towns Nimrod build in the land of Assyria? See verses 11-12.
10.Name the offspring of Mizraim? Do you know what land Mizraim represents? Please list it, if you know.
11.List Canaan’s children. List each of the “ites” in the Canaanite family.
12.What areas/towns were the border of the land of the Canaanites?
13.What is the birth order of the sons of Noah?
14.List the sons of Shem.
15.List Aram’s sons. These are the grandsons of Shem.
16.List Arphaxad’s sons.
17.Who were Eber’s sons? What did Peleg’s name mean?
18.List Joktan’s sons.
19.Where did Shem’s sons and their families live?
For Further Information:
Why was the lifespan significantly less after the flood?: